From Patches of Villages to a Municipality: Time, Space, and Expansion of Wa, Ghana
This article examined the mutation of Wa from patches of villages to a Municipality in Ghana and how the expansion has affected land use/land cover changes. The study was approached by first observing population growth trends over the years and overlaying satellite imageries of 1986, 2001, 2014 and 2016 to determine the extent of expansion and land use changes. Additionally, historical perspectives were explored from indigenes with accumulated knowledge to unpack the factors responsible for the expansion over space and time. The evidence revealed a continuous outward expansion while the built-up area and the population growth rate had increased over 1,130 times and 110% respectively within the period under study. The evidence further laid bare the intricate political, social and economic factors that have contributed to the changing size and morphology of the Municipality. It is argued that the trend of expansion calls for proper land use planning and proper anti-sprawl policies.
- Aduah, M. S., & Aabeyir, R. (2012). Land cover dynamics of Wa municipality, upper west region of Ghana. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 4(6), 658–664.Google Scholar
- Amoah, S. T., & Kosoe, E. A. (2014). Solid waste management in urban areas of Ghana: issues and experiences from Wa. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health, 2(5), 110–117.Google Scholar
- Balogun, I. A., Adeyewa, D. Z., Balogun, A. A., & Morakinyo, T. E. (2011). Analysis of urban expansion and land use changes in Akure, Nigeria using RS and GIS techniques. Journal of Geography Regional Planning, 4(9), 533–541.Google Scholar
- Barnes, K. B., Morgan, J. M., Roberge, M. C., & Lowe, S. (2002). Sprawl development: its patterns, consequences, and measurement. New York: Towson University.Google Scholar
- Burchell, R. W., Shad, N. A., Listokin, D., Phillips, H., Downs, A., Seskin, S., Davis, J. S., Moore, T., Helton, D., & Gall, M. (1998). The costs of sprawl--revisited (Transit Cooperative Research Program Report, No. 39). Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.Google Scholar
- CCRS (Canadian Center for Remote Sensing). (2000). Tutorial: fundamentals of remote sensing. Ottawa: CCRS.Google Scholar
- Cheng, J. (2003). Modeling spatial and temporal urban growth (PhD dissertation). Utrecht, The Netherlands: Utrecht University.Google Scholar
- Danko, D. (1992). The digital chart of the world project. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 58, 1125–1128.Google Scholar
- Eledi, J. E., & Kuusaana, E. D. (2014). Uncontrolled urbanisation in Ghana: a concern for food systems in the Wa municipality. Journal of Sustainable Development, 6(2), 260–293.Google Scholar
- FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). (1992). Guidelines for land use planning (inter-departmental working group on land use planning, Soils Bulletin, no. 66). Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
- GSS (Ghana Statistical Service). (2002). 2000 population and housing census - analysis of district data and implications for planning. Accra: GSS.Google Scholar
- GSS (Ghana Statistical Service). (2012). 2010 population and housing census - analysis of district data and implications for planning. Accra: GSS.Google Scholar
- Henderson, V. (2000). On the move: industrial deconcentration in today’s developing countries. In S. Yusuf, W. Wu, & S. Evenett (Eds.), Local dynamics in an era of globalization (pp. 65–86). New York: The World Bank.Google Scholar
- Hurst, N. B., & West, S. E. (2014). Public transit and urban redevelopment: the effect of light rail transit on land use in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 46, 57–72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2014.02.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Osumanu, I. K. (2009). Urbanization challenges in Africa: creating productive cities under globalization. In D. S. Graber & K. A. Birmingham (Eds.), Urban planning in the 21st century (pp. 129–140). New York: Nova Science Publishers.Google Scholar
- Owusu-Sekyere, E., Amoah, S. T., & Wedam, E. (2017). Solid waste generation, planning, and projection in Wa, Ghana. UDS International Journal of Development, 4(1), 46–63.Google Scholar
- Oyinloye, M. A. (2010). Spatial analysis of urban growth in Akure, Nigeria. Unpublished PhD Thesis, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.Google Scholar
- Peprah, K. (2013). Sand winning and land degradation: perspective of indigenous sand winners of Wa, Ghana. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 3(14), 185–195.Google Scholar
- Pollock, P. (2008). Urban growth management strategies. The Rocky Mountain Land Use Institute. http://www.law.du.edu/rmlui. Accessed 5 Mar 2017.
- Rahman, M. T. (2016). Detection of land use/land cover changes and urban sprawl in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia: an analysis of multi-temporal remote sensing data. International Journal of Geo-information, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi5020015.
- Tatem, A. J., Noor, A., Von Hagen, C. M., Di Gregorio, A., & Hay, S. I. (2007). High resolution population maps for low income nations: combining land cover and census in East Africa. PLoS One, 2(12). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0001298.
- Tofowomo, A. (2008). The planning implications of urban sprawl in Akure (44th ISOCARP Congress). New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
- UH-HABITAT. (2012). Prosperity of cities: state of the world's cities 2012/2013. Nairobi: UN-HABITAT.Google Scholar
- United Nations. (2014). World urbanization prospects: the 2014 revision. New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
- Waddell, P. (2000). Simulating land capacity at the parcel level. In A. V. Moudon & M. Hubner (Eds.), Monitoring land supply with geographic information systems: theory, practice and parcel-base approaches (pp. 201–214). New York: Wiley and Sons Inc..Google Scholar
- Wilks, I. (1989). Wa and the Wala: Islam and polity in northwestern Ghana. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- World Bank. (2005). The dynamics of global expansion. The World Bank: Washington D.C.Google Scholar