Confessions of a Skeptical Reviewer
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Science first began seriously chipping away at the foundations of religious belief during the Renaissance; religious doubt accelerated further during the Enlightenment. The terminus ad quem of this process of supernatural disillusionment occurred in 1882 when Nietzsche proclaimed “the death of God”; in other words, that nothing lies beyond life itself.
Certain contemporary philosophers have accepted the core Nietzschean insight that there is no transcendence and nothing metaphysical to give ultimate value to our lives. At the same time, they acknowledge that, to quote Carl Jung, “Man cannot stand a meaningless life,”1 and they have addressed themselves to the paradoxical question of how we can live a “religious” life without a supernatural entity upon whom we can rely.
For example, both Thomas Nagel and Ronald Dworkin have written recent books—Mind and Cosmos (2012) and Religion without God(2013), respectively—in which they reject both theism and atheism as inadequate to...