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Ageing International

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 399–410 | Cite as

Prevalence and the Determinants of Physical Activity in an Elderly Cohort of 60 years and more. A Cross-Sectional Case-Control Study

  • Alijan Ahmadi Ahangar
  • Hojjat Khoshmanzar
  • Behzad Heidari
  • Ali Bijani
  • Reza Hosseini
  • Hemmat Gholinia
  • Payam Saadat
  • Mansour BabaeiEmail author
Article

Abstract

In the elderly, decline in physical activity (PA) is associated with decreased quality of life. To determine the prevalence and the associated factors of low PA in the elderly. All participants of the Amirkola town aged ≥60 years were studied. Data were collected for demographics, clinical and biochemical parametes. PA was determined by using physical activity scale for the elderly (PASE) questionnaire. In statistical analysis the study population was classified as normal or low PA defined as PASE score < 100. The two groups were compared according to demographic, clinical and biochemical characteristics using chi square test with calculation of odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI). A total of 1297 individuals with respective mean age of 70.15 ± 7.1 and 67.6 ± 6.8 years for low and normal group (p = 0.001) were studied. Low PA was observed in 612 patients (47.1%). Prevalence of low PA was negatively associated with, higher level of education (OR = 0.64, 95% CI, 0.51–0.80, p = 0.001), higher arm muscle strength (OR = 0.77, 95% CI, 0.62–0.96, p = 0.02), but positively associated with male sex (OR =1.56, 95% CI, 1.25–1.94), hypertension (OR = 1.34, 95% CI, 1.1–1.73), disequilibrium (OR = 2.2, 95% CI, 1.74–2.9) and age. Compared with age group at 60–64 years, prevalence of low PA increased by OR = 1.74 (95% CI, 1.25–2.34) in age group 70–74 years, by OR = 2.51 (95% CI, 1.52–4.15) at age group 80–84 years, and OR = 7.74 (95% CI, 3.17–18.89) in those aged ≥85 years old. The findings of this study indicate that age, male sex, hypertension and disequilibrium are positively associated with low PA whereas female sex, muscle strength and education level are protective against low PA.

Keywords

Aging Physical activity Elderly Prevalence Association 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the Clinical Research Development unit of Rouhani Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences for assistance in discussion of case and editing this article.

Authors Contribution

Study concept and design: Alijan Ahmadi Ahangar, Hojjat Khoshmanzar, Behzad Heidari, Ali Bijani, Reza Hosseini, Hemmat Gholinia, Payam Saadat, Mansour Babaei

Acquisition of data: Hojjat Khoshmanzar

Analysis and interpretation of data: Ali Bijani, Reza Hosseini, Hemmat Gholinia,

Drafting of the manuscript: Alijan Ahmadi Ahangar, Hojjat Khoshmanzar, Behzad Heidari, Ali Bijani, Reza Hosseini, Hemmat Gholinia, Payam Saadat, Mansour Babaei

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Alijan Ahmadi Ahangar, Hojjat Khoshmanzar, Behzad Heidari, Ali Bijani, Reza Hosseini, Hemmat Gholinia, Payam Saadat, Mansour Babaei

Statistical analysis: Behzad Heidari, Ali Bijani, Reza Hosseini, Hemmat Gholinia,

Administrative, technical, and material support: Alijan Ahmadi Ahangar, Hojjat Khoshmanzar, Behzad Heidari, Ali Bijani, Reza Hosseini, Hemmat Gholinia, Payam Saadat, Mansour Babaei

Study supervision: Alijan Ahmadi Ahangar, Hojjat Khoshmanzar, Behzad Heidari, Ali Bijani, Reza Hosseini, Hemmat Gholinia, Payam Saadat, Mansour Babaei

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

None.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Ethical Treatment of Experimental Subjects (Animal and Human)

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alijan Ahmadi Ahangar
    • 1
  • Hojjat Khoshmanzar
    • 2
  • Behzad Heidari
    • 1
  • Ali Bijani
    • 3
  • Reza Hosseini
    • 3
  • Hemmat Gholinia
    • 4
  • Payam Saadat
    • 1
  • Mansour Babaei
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Mobility Impairment Research CenterBabol University of Medical SciencesBabolIran
  2. 2.Babol University of Medical SciencesBabolIran
  3. 3.Department of Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Research CentreBabol University of Medical SciencesBabolIran
  4. 4.Health Research InstituteBabol University of Medical SciencesBabolIran
  5. 5.Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Rouhani Hospital, Clinical Research Development Unit of Rouhani HospitalBabol University of Medical SciencesBabolIran

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