Journal of Labor Research

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 259–276 | Cite as

Social and Economic Impacts of International Marriages in Europe

  • Ekaterina PonomarevaEmail author
  • Shin-Yi Chou
  • Alex Nikolsko-Rzhevskyy


The effect of international marriage - a union between a country native and an immigrant - on social and family outcomes is endogenous due to the selection into marriage markets and non-random spousal choice. In this paper we use availability of cheap airline flights as region-specific instrumental variable that increased the probability of intermarriage in Europe. The two-stage least squares analysis applied to 1977–2006 IPUMS International Project Census micro data shows no significant difference in the family size or number of children between intermarried and same-nativity couples. However, it does reveal higher labor force participation rates and much lower marriage rates among mixed nationality couples.


International marriage European Union Labor force participation Cohabitation 

JEL Classification

J10 Demographic Economics F22 International Migration F61 Economic Impacts of Globalization 



We are grateful to Thomas Hyclak and Mengcen Qian, as well as Keshar Ghimire, the participants of 41st Eastern Economic Association Meeting and Lehigh University Economics Seminars for their insightful comments.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

There are no potential conflicts of interest. All mistakes are our own.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Axtria, Inc.Berkeley HeightsUSA
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsLehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA

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