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Trends in Organized Crime

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 450–461 | Cite as

New trends in cross-border organised crime: Bulgaria and Norway in the context of the migrant crisis

EXCERPTS

Centre for the study of democracy, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2017 ISBN 978-954- 477-313- 7

This is an excerpt from a report presenting an analysis of recent developments in transnational organised crime in Norway and Bulgaria in the context of the migrant crisis. The excerpt presents the first in-depth examination of human smuggling networks and operations in Bulgaria only. The part of the report presented here was authored by Nadya Stoynova and Tihomir Bezlov and was made possible by the financial support of the Norwegian Financial Mechanism, 2009–2014.

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Trends in irregular migration and smuggling in Bulgaria

The emergence of smuggling networks (1990–2001)

The start of organised smuggling operations in Bulgaria can be traced back to 1990–1991, when the need to smuggle Bulgarian citizens from the Turkish minority into Turkey arose. It was prompted by the sudden closure of the border by Turkey in August 1989, following the mass migration wave from Bulgaria in June–July 1989. Due to the...

Acronyms

AFIS

Automated Fingerprint Identification System

BCP

Border checkpoint

BGN

Bulgarian lev

CSD

Center for the Study of Democracy

CC

Criminal Code

CPC

Criminal Procedure Code

DM

Deutsche Mark

EU

European Union

EUR

euro

GDBP

General Directorate Border Police

GDNP

General Directorate National Police

GDCOC

General Directorate Combatting Organised Crime

GRETA

Group of Experts on Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings

IOM

International Organisation for Migration

JIT

joint investigation team

KOM

Koordineringsenheten for ofre for menneskehandel (The Coordinating Unit for Victims of Human Trafficking of Norway)

MoI

Ministry of Interior

NCIS

National Criminal Investigation Service

OCG

organised criminal group

SANS

State Agency for National Security

SIT

special investigative techniques

SCC

Specialised Criminal Court

SP

Specialised Prosecution

THB

trafficking in human beings

UK

United Kingdom

USD

United States dollar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

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