Anatomy and Surgical Approach of the Ear and Temporal Bone
The temporal bone is one of the more complex structures at the skull base that houses the hearing and vestibular organs, numerous nerves, and vessels. A host of inflammatory and neoplastic processes can occur within the temporal bone that often necessitate permanent and frozen section pathologic examination. A number of simple to complex surgical procedures are used to manage temporal bone pathology. This chapter will provide a brief overview of normal temporal bone anatomy, common surgical approaches, normal histology, and indications for pathologic examination.
KeywordsTemporal bone Ear Tympanoplasty Mastoidectomy Petrous bone Paraganglioma Skull base
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
Brandon Isaacson, MD, FACS declares that he has the following conflicts of interest. Advisory Boards: Med-el, Advanced Bionics. Consultant: Karl Storz Endoscopy, Olympus, Medtronic, Stryker.
Research Involving Human and Animal Rights
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.