American Journal of Criminal Justice

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 63–82 | Cite as

Opportunity and Self-Control: Do they Predict Multiple Forms of Online Victimization?

  • Bradford W. ReynsEmail author
  • Bonnie S. Fisher
  • Adam M. Bossler
  • Thomas J. Holt


This study investigates the predictors of four types of cybercrime victimization/experiences: online harassment, hacking, identity theft, and receiving nude photos or explicit content. The effects of victimization opportunity and low self-control are examined as the primary independent variables in logistic regression analyses of data collected from a large sample of undergraduates enrolled at two universities in the United States. Results suggest that opportunity is positively related to each of the four types of online victimization, and that low self-control is associated with person-based, but not computer-based, forms of cybercrime. These findings speak to the utility, and also the limitations, of these perspectives in understanding cybercrime victimization risk among college students, and to the potentially criminogenic nature of the Internet.


Online victimization Cybercrime Opportunity Routine activities Self-control 


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Copyright information

© Southern Criminal Justice Association 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bradford W. Reyns
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bonnie S. Fisher
    • 2
  • Adam M. Bossler
    • 3
  • Thomas J. Holt
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Criminal JusticeWeber State UniversityOgdenUSA
  2. 2.School of Criminal JusticeUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA
  3. 3.Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology, University Hall, Room 226Georgia Southern University, Armstrong CampusSavannahUSA
  4. 4.School of Criminal JusticeMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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