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The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 86, Issue 8, pp 749–749 | Cite as

Juvenile Recurrent Parotitis

  • Parminder Singh
  • Divya GuptaEmail author
Scientific Letter
  • 326 Downloads

To the Editor: Juvenile recurrent parotitis (JRP) is a rare, recurrent non-obstructive, and non-suppurative parotid inflammation having a multifactorial etiology. Many causative factors such as allergy, infection, local autoimmune manifestations and genetic inheritance have been suggested, but none have been proved [1, 2]. MR sailography has become the modality of investigation in recent times [1, 2, 3]. Treatment is mostly conservative with analgesics, attention to good oral hygiene, massage of the parotid gland, warmth, use of chewing gum and sialogogic agents. However aggressive interventions in the form of sialendoscopy and surgical management are resorted to in cases of persistent and recurrent symptoms [3, 4].

We report 3 such cases of JRP that presented to our centre with recurrent parotid swelling. The patient profiles are cited in Table 1. None of them had any other significant past or family history or any history suggestive of autoimmune disorders. All of them had been immunized as per age as per universal immunization program. On examination parotid swellings were smooth, soft to firm in consistency, tender with pressure over the gland not resulting in any purulent discharge from the parotid duct. Oral hygiene was adequate in all children. Their blood counts, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and serum immunoglobulin levels were normal. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serology, rheumatoid factor, antibodies including anti-Ro and anti-La for Sjogren’s syndrome were negative. Ultrasound of swelling was suggestive of chronic inflammation with fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) favoring the diagnosis of sialoadenosis. All children were given symptomatic treatment as mentioned earlier and in case of severe symptoms short course of broad spectrum antibiotics were given for 5 to 7 d. The first child continues to be symptomatic once in 2 to 3 mo while the rest two cases have been asymptomatic and are on regular follow up for the past 1 y.
Table 1

Patient profile

S. No

Age

Sex

Onset

No. of episodes

Unilateral/ bilateral

USG

Management

1

3 y

F

2 y

10

Bilateral

Parotitis

Conservative

2

4 y

F

2 y

07

Bilateral

Parotitis

Conservative

3

3 y

M

1.5 y

04

Bilateral

Parotitis

Conservative

To conclude recurrent parotid swelling can not only be a diagnostic dilemma but may also be a significant cause of morbidity in school going children. At times conservative approach may fail to bring symptomatic relief requiring more invasive modalities of treatment.

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

None.

Source of Funding

None.

References

  1. 1.
    Tomar RPS, Vasudevan R, Kumar M, Gupta DK. Juvenile recurrent parotitis. Med J Armed Forces India. 2014;70:83–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bhat VS, Yanamadala S. Juvenile recurrent parotitis: a case report. Sch J App Med Sci. 2015;3:3086–8.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rao VVN, Buddi JSHP, Kurthukoti AJ. Juvenile recurrent parotitis in children: diagnosis and treatment using sialography. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2014;32:262–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Quenin S, Plouin-Gaudon I, Marchal F, Froehlich P, Disant F, Faure F. Juvenile recurrent parotitis sialendoscopic approach. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134:715–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics155 Base HospitalTezpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Pathology155 Base HospitalTezpurIndia

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