Prevention of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Children in India – the Way Forward
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Iodine is a critical micronutrient necessary for the physical development and optimal function of the thyroid gland and the central nervous system in children. Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) encompass a continuum of disorders commencing from fetal life (ranging from infertility, abortion, stillbirth, and infant mortality) and extending through childhood (neurocognitive disability and hearing and speech impairment) into adult life (endemic goiter and hypothyroidism) . Children living in iodine deficient areas generally have lower IQ levels than those in iodine sufficient areas . IDD is a major public health problem in India and is one of the major micronutrient deficiencies globally.
There are no tests to confirm whether a child has sufficient iodine in his/her body. When IDD is seen in a large population, it is managed by safeguarding that the food that family consumes contains appropriate levels of iodine with salt iodization. Most IDDs do not have a cure and prevention...
KeywordsIodine deficiency disorders Hypothyroidism Goiter
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