Adolescent Friendly Health Clinics in India – Don’t We Need Respectful Adolescent Health Care?
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India has the largest adolescent population in the world (253 million, Census 2011). Although considered healthy phase of life, adolescents do have several issues requiring medical care. In this age the mortality and morbidity patterns begin to resemble more like adults as accidents, injuries, and violence become important causes of deaths. The adolescents in India suffer from common infectious diseases, nutritional deficiency diseases like anemia (more than half girls and one-third boys have anemia), and also mental health problems (1 in 5 adolescents have one or more mental health problems). Adolescence is a habit forming age and many of them develop risk factors for future non-communicable diseases like diabetes, hypertension, and cancers, etc.
Developmentally too, adolescents are different than children and adults. On one hand they require supervised independence and on the other hand, they need privacy and confidentiality in health care. Thus, the needs of adolescents in health...
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