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Indian Journal of Microbiology

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 129–136 | Cite as

Bioinoculants for Bioremediation Applications and Disease Resistance: Innovative Perspectives

  • Twinkle Chaudhary
  • Pratyoosh ShuklaEmail author
Review Article

Abstract

Soil microbial species that act as PGPR or bioinoculants have the capability of improving plant health and promoting its growth. They facilitate plants for uptake nutrients from their surroundings. They provide resistivity to pathogenic pests and also play many roles in the bioremediation process. Bioremediation is the biological approach for the elimination of toxic contaminants by the approach of beneficial microbes. By the consortium of beneficial microbes and plant, a large number of heavy metal and organic contaminants can be controlled. With this advancement of bioremediation, microbial species that act as bioinoculants also help in the enhancement of induced systemic resistance (ISR) and their consortium triggers it by controlling SA, JA, ET and hormonal signaling pathways. Here, this review discusses the progress made on these areas and how the beneficial microbes that act as bioinoculants towards triggering bioremediation and ISR mechanism.

Keywords

Bioinoculants Induced systemic resistance (ISR) Bioremediation Phytohormones Signaling pathway 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author, TC acknowledges Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, India for University Research Scholarship (URS). PS acknowledges Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, Govt. of India, FIST grant (Grant No. 1196 SR/FST/LS-I/ 2017/4) and Department of Biotechnology, Government of India (Grant no. BT/PR27437/BCE/8/1433/2018). PS acknowledges, Department of Microbiology, Barkatullah University, Bhopal, India for their infrastructural support for D.Sc. work.

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© Association of Microbiologists of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Enzyme Technology and Protein Bioinformatics Laboratory, Department of MicrobiologyMaharshi Dayanand UniversityRohtakIndia

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