Investigating the Role of Endophytic Fungi in Gentiana scabra bge. by Cross-Growth Period Inoculation
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Gentiana scabra Bge. (gentian) is a Chinese medicinal plant. Endophytic fungi from the roots of gentian were isolated and cross-growth period inoculation was performed to study the roles of three Trichoderma spp. strains (F1, F2, and F9) in their original host plant. In treatments inoculated with F1, F2, and F9, gentiopicroside content increased 33.6, 23.7 and 13% than that in the control. Strains F1, F2, and F9 could also improve polysaccharide content by more than 6.6, 18.7 and 30% compared to the control. The incidence of spot blight in gentian inoculated with F1, F2, and F9 decreased by 31.2, 26.7 and 8.5%. Inconsistent changes in the activity of the three enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase) were observed when the plants were attacked by pathogens or inoculated with fungi. High enzymatic activity did not reflect mild disease. Cross-growth period inoculation, which takes into account the original living environment (gentian plant as “substrate” and different microorganisms as symbionts) of endophytic fungi, provides a new idea for studying effects of endophytes on their original hosts. This is the first research about the role of endophytic fungi in Gentiana scabra bge. in vivo.
KeywordsEndophytic fungi Gentiana scabra Bge. Growth-promoting Disease-resistant Defense enzyme
We are grateful to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC No. 31400441).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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