AVRM: adaptive void recovery mechanism to reduce void nodes in wireless sensor networks

  • A. Ayyasamy
  • E. Golden Julie
  • Y. Harold Robinson
  • S. Balaji
  • Raghvendra Kumar
  • Le Hoang Son
  • Pham Huy ThongEmail author
  • Ishaani Priyadarshini


Nowadays, routing in three-dimensional environments is necessary since sensor nodes are organized in those kinds of areas. In this routing mechanism, data packets are routed using geographic routing by constructing a forwarding area. It is assumed that nodes in the network are homogeneous which contain the same energy level and sensing parameter. In this paper, we propose a new method to reduce the void node problem called Adaptive Void Recovery Mechanism, which is implemented by two folds namely position management and forwarding management concepts. Position management is implemented by sensing the surroundings using the base station and location management. Forwarding management is implemented using the assured factor value and cumulative value from the gathered data. The sensor nodes are elected with a minimized congestion packet latency value. Cluster-based routing technique is implemented to improve the network lifetime and network throughput. The proposed method is evaluated by simulation against the related methods like CREEP, EECS, FABC-MACRD in terms of End to End Delay, Residual Energy, Energy Consumption, Routing Overhead, Network Lifetime, and Network Throughput.


WSN End-to-end delay Data packet GRP Void recovery Cluster head 



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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Ayyasamy
    • 1
  • E. Golden Julie
    • 2
  • Y. Harold Robinson
    • 3
  • S. Balaji
    • 4
  • Raghvendra Kumar
    • 5
  • Le Hoang Son
    • 6
    • 7
  • Pham Huy Thong
    • 8
    • 9
    Email author
  • Ishaani Priyadarshini
    • 10
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and TechnologyAnnamalai UniversityChidambaramIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringAnna University Regional CampusTirunelveliIndia
  3. 3.School of Information Technology and EngineeringVellore Institute of TechnologyVelloreIndia
  4. 4.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringFrancis Xavier Engineering CollegeTirunelveliIndia
  5. 5.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringGIET UniversityGunupurIndia
  6. 6.Institute of Research and DevelopmentDuy Tan UniversityDa NangVietnam
  7. 7.VNU Information Technology InstituteVietnam National UniversityHanoiVietnam
  8. 8.Informetrics Research GroupTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  9. 9.Faculty of Information TechnologyTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  10. 10.University of DelawareNewarkUSA

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