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A Study on Deep Neck Space Infections

  • Shaili PriyamvadaEmail author
  • Gul Motwani
Original Article
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

Deep neck space infections (DNSI) are serious diseases that involve several spaces in the neck. These are commonly seen in low socioeconomic group with poor oral hygiene, and nutritional disorders. These are bacterial infections originating from the upper aerodigestive tract. The incidence of this disease was relatively high before the advent of antibiotics. Treatment of DNSI includes antibiotic therapy, airway management and surgical intervention. Management of DNSI is traditionally based on prompt surgical drainage of the abscess followed by antibiotics or nonsurgical treatment using appropriate antibiotics in the case of cellulitis. This study was conducted to investigate the age and gender, clinical symptoms, site involved, etiology, co-morbidities, bacteriology, complications and outcomes in the patients of DNSI. A prospective study of deep neck space infections was conducted during the period July 2017 to July 2018 on the patients who attended the outpatient department and were admitted as inpatient in Safdarjung hospital, New Delhi. 40 Cases with DNSI all ages and both genders were included in the study. Patients who didn’t require surgical intervention to drain pus were excluded. All parameters including age, gender, co-morbidities, presentation, site, bacteriology, complications, and investigations were studied. Due to advent of antibiotics, deep neck space infections are in decreasing trend. The common age group found to be affected is in 2nd and 3rd decade in our study. Out of all deep neck space infections, submandibular space infections were common (37.5%) followed by peritonsillar infections (12.5%). Infection of deep neck space remains fairly common and challenging disease for clinicians. Prompt recognition and treatment of DNSI are essential for an improved prognosis. Odontogenic and tonsillopharyngitis are the commonest cause. Key elements for improved results are the prompt recognition and early intervention. Special attention is required to high-risk groups such as diabetics, the elderly and patients with underlying systemic diseases as the condition may progress to life-threatening complications.

Keywords

Deep neck space infections Odontogenic infections Submandibular space infections Peritonsillar abscess Incision and drainage 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

Informed consent has been obtained from subjects included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyVardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung HospitalNew DelhiIndia

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