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Ivermectin: A Novel Method of Treatment of Nasal and Nasopharyngeal Myiasis

  • Abu Sayeed
  • Aftab AhmedEmail author
  • S. C. Sharma
  • S. A. Hasan
Original Article
  • 37 Downloads

Abstract

To evaluate the efficacy of oral Ivermectin, in patients suffering from nasal and nasopharyngeal myiasis. This was a prospective study, comprising 80 patients of nasal and nasopharyngeal myiasis. Patients underwent clinical examination and nasal endoscopy at the time of presentation and findings were recorded. The patients were randomly divided in two groups. In group-I the patients underwent manual extraction of the maggots after instillation of chloroform and turpentine oil mixture, whereas the group-II patients underwent manual extraction with administration of two doses (24 h apart) of oral Ivermectin (6 mg each). The patients were instructed to record the time when they noticed shedding of maggots, and evaluated for the clearance of maggots by endoscopy after 24, 48 h and 7 days after the initial examination. The mean maggot shedding time (by t test) in Group-I was 41.23 ± 4.23 h and in Group-II was 24.60 ± 3.15 h. The difference being highly significant statistically, (p = 0.0001). The endoscopic clearance of maggots (by Chi square test) between the two group of patients was also statistically significant at 24 and 48 h with p value of (p = 0.002) and (p = 0.006) respectively. Oral Ivermectin was effective in treating nasal and nasopharyngeal myiasis, in terms of early clearance, decreased morbidity and less hospital stay. We conclude that oral Ivermectin can be used as a safe and effective method for the treatment of nasal & nasopharyngeal myiasis.

Keywords

Nasopharyngeal myiasis Nasal myiasis Ivermectin Ivermectin in nasal myiasis 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The Author declares that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement of Human Rights

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical CollegeAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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