Evolutionary Intelligence

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 113–129 | Cite as

A survey on particle swarm optimization with emphasis on engineering and network applications

  • Mohammed ElbesEmail author
  • Shadi Alzubi
  • Tarek Kanan
  • Ala Al-Fuqaha
  • Bilal Hawashin
Review Article


Swarm intelligence is a kind of artificial intelligence that is based on the collective behavior of the decentralized and self-organized systems. This work focuses on reviewing a heuristic global optimization method called particle swarm optimization (PSO). This includes the mathematical representation of PSO in contentious and binary spaces, the evolution and modifications of PSO over the last two decades. We also present a comprehensive taxonomy of heuristic-based optimization algorithms such as genetic algorithms, tabu search, simulated annealing, cross entropy and illustrate the advantages and disadvantages of these algorithms. Furthermore, we present the application of PSO on graphics processing unit and show various applications of PSO in networks.


Heuristic-based optimization Particle swarm optimization Taxonomy PSO network applications 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammed Elbes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shadi Alzubi
    • 1
  • Tarek Kanan
    • 1
  • Ala Al-Fuqaha
    • 2
  • Bilal Hawashin
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceAlzaytoonah University of JordanAmmanJordan
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceWestern Michigan UniversityKalamazooUSA
  3. 3.Department of Computer Information SystemsAlzaytoonah University of JordanAmmanJordan

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