Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 567–586 | Cite as

Accessibility and Spatial Inequalities in Greece

  • George PanagiotopoulosEmail author
  • Dimitris Kaliampakos


Accessibility suggests a major issue in rural areas. Remoteness or inaccessibility is known to amplify rural deprivation and suspend sustainable regional development. Many rural areas in Greece suffer from remoteness mainly because of a varying and continuously alternating terrain. A diverse space is shaped by more than 70% mountain areas, hundreds of inhabited islands in an insular area almost the size of the mainland and intense variation in population distribution between the large urban agglomerations and the periphery. In this paper, a geographical remoteness index for Greece is presented that can capture the required scale of analysis and the distinct characteristics of Greek space. The index is localized and evaluated using empirical and theoretical methods and several demographic and network geostatistics. Finally, we examine the relationship of the index and critical socioeconomic variables in order to associate accessibility with spatial inequalities. Spatial regression models are used that uncover the impact of remoteness in certain key development aspects, namely economy, human capital and infrastructures. Potentially, accessibility may be used as an evaluation tool to redirect policies for spatial equity.


Remoteness Accessibility Spatial equity Spatial regression Greece 



We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions that greatly improved this manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Metsovio Interdisciplinary Research CenterNational Technical University of AthensZografouGreece
  2. 2.Laboratory of Mining & Environmental Technology, School of Mining and Metallurgical EngineeringNational Technical University of AthensZografouGreece

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