Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 493–514 | Cite as

Measuring Spatial Distributions of Secondary Education Achievement in Australia

  • Yogi VidyattamaEmail author
  • Jinjing Li
  • Riyana Miranti


Education has long been seen as a crucial factor to the economic wellbeing and achievement of people and localities. Therefore, inequality of educational attainment often precedes inequalities in other aspects of life. Although Australia mandates compulsory secondary education, the outcomes vary nationwide. Concern has been expressed about the gap in educational achievement between rural and urban areas. This study analyses regional inequalities of secondary school education outcomes by examining spatial disparities among smaller spatial units and how factors contributing to secondary school education outcomes perform regionally. The results confirm a rural–urban disparity, reveal disparities within regional capital cities and indicate that some rural areas, especially in Victoria, perform relatively well. Disparities are triggered by socio-economic conditions and by the quantity of resources devoted to school systems. Wealthier areas generally provide better resources.


Education Spatial distribution Urban-rural inequality Measurement Australia 



This study is funded by the Higher Education Participation and Partnerships Programme (HEPPP), Department of Education and Training, Australia. Parts of the data used in this publication are sourced from the Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) and are available from ACARA in accordance with its Data Access Protocols.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling (NATSEM), Institute for Governance and Policy Analysis (IGPA)University of CanberraBruceAustralia

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