Pneumopericardium: a rare complication following pericardiocentesis

  • Ajay Kumar Pandey
  • Sushil Kumar SinghEmail author
  • Vijayant Devenraj
  • Sarvesh Kumar
  • Vikas Singh
Case Report


Pneumopericardium is the presence of air in the pericardial cavity. It is a rare case entity that has been reported most commonly after trauma, or spontaneously without any underlying cause in a healthy adult. Pneumopericardium following pericardiocentesis has been rarely reported in the literature. Pneumopericardium is often self-resolving and rarely requires a pericardial drain for treatment. We report a case of pneumopericardium presented with tamponade physiology following pericardiocentesis for tubercular pericardial effusion, requiring emergency pericardiectomy.


Pneumopericardium Pericardiocentesis Pericardiectomy 


Compliance with ethical standards

Statement of human and animal rights

All procedures performed in this study on human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional ethics committee of King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from the patient included in the study.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Indian Association of Cardiovascular-Thoracic Surgeons 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic SurgeryKing George’s Medical UniversityLucknowIndia

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