Patch materials for right ventricular outflow reconstruction: past, present, and future

  • Sachin TalwarEmail author
  • Anupam Das
  • Bharath Siddarth
  • Shiv Kumar Choudhary
  • Balram Airan
Review Article


In this review, we discuss various patch materials used for reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract. Their relative merits and demerits are discussed. Traditional patches and their results are detailed along with a brief description of newer developments in the field.


Patch materials Right ventricular outflow tract Tetralogy of Fallot 


Compliance with ethical standards

Statement of human rights/ethical approval

All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Indian Association of Cardiovascular-Thoracic Surgeons 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cardiothoracic CenterAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular SurgeryAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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