, 92:30 | Cite as

Design of optical Mach–Zehnder interferometer phase shifter in silicon-on-insulator

  • Nagaraju PendamEmail author
  • C P Vardhani


A passive TE mode phase shifter-based compact structure of optical Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI) using silicon-on-insulator (SOI) platform is demonstrated by using BPM simulations. Insertion loss was found, that is 9 dB for 3 \(\mu \)m width, 16 dB for 1.55 \(\mu \)m wavelength, 0.9 dB for 2000 \(\mu \)m path length (arms), and 15 dB for 0.0055 index differences between the core and the cladding of SOI of the designed device. The Mach–Zehnder interferometer attains good phase shifts by changing the path lengths (arm) with TE mode polarisation.


Mach–Zehnder interferometer insertion loss optical phase shifter simulation software silicon-on-insulator 


42.81.Dp 42.82.−m 42.82.Et 42.79.Pw 


  1. 1.
    A Liu, R Jones, L Liao, D Samara-Rubio, D Rubin, O Cohen, R Nicolaescu and M Paniccia, Nature 427, 615 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D Dai, Z Wang and J E Bowers, J. Light. Technol. 29, 1808 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    F Y Gardens, G T Reed and N G Emerson, Opt. Express 13, 8845 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Z Han, L Liu and E Forsberg, Opt. Commun. 259, 690 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    F Flamini et al, Light Sci. Appl. 4, 127 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H Y Choi, M J Kim and B H Lee, Opt. Express 15, 5711 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J Ding, H Chen, L Yang, L Zhang, R Ji, Y Tian, W Zhu, Y Lu, P Zhou, R Min and M Yu, Opt. Express 20, 7081 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    I Goykhman, B Desiatov, S B Ezra, J Shappir and U Levy, Opt. Express 21, 19518 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A Agarwal, C S Kim, R Hobbs, D Van Dyck and K K Berggren, Sci. Rep. 7, 1677 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C Zhang, P Dulal, B J H Stadler and D C Hutchings, Sci. Rep. 7, 5820 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    D J Thomson, F Y Gardes, J M Fedeli, Y Hu, B P P Kuo, E Myslivets, N Alic, G Z Mashanovich and G T Reed, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 234 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S H Hsu, Y Chung, C M Wang and Y C Yang, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 56, 2950 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H Yamazaki, T Yamada, T Goh and A Kaneko, J. Light. Technol. 29, 721 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L B Soldano, A H de Vreede, M K Smit, B H Verbeek, E G Metaal and F H Groen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  6, 402 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    X Zhang, J Yuan, K Wang, Z Kang, B Yan, X Sang, Q Wu, C Yu and G Farrell, IEEE Photon. J. 7, 2701208 (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    B Sepulveda, G Armelles and L M Lechuga, Sens. Actuators A 134, 339 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    B Sepulveda, J Sanchez del Rio, M Moreno, F J Blanco, K Mayora, C Dominguez and L M Lechuga, J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 561 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    L Li, L Xia, Z Xie and D Liu, Opt. Express 20, 11109 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D Perez, I Gasulla, L Crudgington, D J Thomson, A Z Khokhar, K Li, W Cao, G Z Mashanovich and J Capmany, Nature Commun. 8, 636 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M H Idjadi and F Aflatouni, Nature Commun. 8, 1209 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    G F R Chen, J R Ong, T Y L Ang, S T Lim, C E Png and D T H Tan, Sci. Rep. 7, 7246 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Z Lu, D Celo, H Mehrvar, E Bernier and L Chrostowski, Sci. Rep. 7, 12244 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A Govdeli, M C Sarihan, U Karaca and S Kocaman, Sci. Rep. 8, 1619 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Y Chen, H Li and M Li, Sci. Rep. 2, 622 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    A Psarouli et al, Sci. Rep. 5, 17600 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    H Zhang, J Chen, J Jin, J Lin, L Zhao, Z Bi, A Huang and Z Xiao, Sci. Rep. 6, 19024 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    H Fan and P Berini, J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 2606 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S W Guo and J W Wu, J. Phys. 87, 91 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    G Zheng, L Xu and Y Liu, Pramana – J. Phys. 86, 1091 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30., BeamPROP 8.1 user guide, 14 (2008)

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsOsmania UniversityHyderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations