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Tropical Plant Biology

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 85–97 | Cite as

Reveal the Variation Patterns of Chemical Composition in the Fruit of Morinda citrifolia (noni) during Postharvest Storage through Metabolomic Characterization

  • Tian Wu
  • Meng Li
  • Zengquan LanEmail author
Article
  • 55 Downloads

Abstract

Noni (Morinda citrifolia) fruit is one of the traditional medicine materials widely consumed in the South Pacific area. The biological activities and medicinal values of noni fruit have been extensively documented. However, the chemical composition of noni fruit, which determines its pharmacological effects, remains unclear. Moreover, previous studies indicated that the medicinal values of noni fruit varies dynamically after harvest, which resulted in the quality instability of both fresh and processing noni products. To clarify the composition of metabolites in noni fruit and their variation patterns, non-targeted metabolome analysis was performed at different stages during postharvest storage. It was observed that (R)-3, 7-Dihydroxy-2, 4-dimethoxyisoflavan, 3-Hydroxy-5Z-octenyl acetate, Ancistrotectorine, Archange- licin, D-Tagatose, (−)-Epigallocatechin, Ethylsuberenol, Eugenitin, Garcimangosone C, Musanolone C, O-Isopentenylhalfordinol and Serotinose were highly accumulated in fresh fruit, which associated with the roles of noni fruit in antioxidant activity. On the contrary, Palmitic acid, Norecasantalol, Marmelolactone A, Isorhamnetin 3-(6-malonylglucoside), Isooctyl acetate, geranylacetone, Ethylparaben, Ethyl (4Z)-4,7- octadienoate, DL-Malic acid, Coumari, Cedrelanol, Carotol, BR-Xanthone A, 5-Dodecyldihydro-2(3H)-furanone, (Z)-alpha-Irone, and (2E,4E)-2,4-Dodecadienal were increasing significantly after harvest, which not only could be explained the natural antibacterial properties of noni fruit but also supported the healthy immune system and inflammation response. Our study provides new insights into the metabolites composition and their variation patterns after harvest in noni fruit.

Keywords

Morinda citrifolia (noni) Postharvest Metabolome LC-MS 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a grant from the Applied Basic Research Programs of Yunnan Province of China (No. 2016FB049).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no competing financial interest.

Supplementary material

12042_2019_9222_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (1.9 mb)
Tables S1 (XLSX 1903 kb)
12042_2019_9222_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (95 kb)
Tables S2 (XLSX 95 kb)
12042_2019_9222_MOESM3_ESM.xlsx (28 kb)
Tables S3 (XLSX 28 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Southwest Landscape Architecture Engineering Research Center of State Forestry Administration, Key Laboratory for Forest Resources Conservation and Utilization in the Southwest Mountains of China, Ministry of EducationSouthwest Forestry UniversityKunmingChina
  2. 2.College of Life Science and TechnologyCentral South University of Forestry and TechnologyChangshaChina
  3. 3.Southwest Institute of Green DevelopmentSouthwest Forestry UniversityKunmingChina

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