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Journal of Genetics

, 98:92 | Cite as

Genetic diversity and population structure analysis of Asian and African aromatic rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes

  • Anurag Mishra
  • Pushpendra KumarEmail author
  • Md. Shamim
  • Kapil K. Tiwari
  • Parveen Fatima
  • Deepti Srivastava
  • Rajendra Singh
  • Prashant Yadav
Research Article
  • 55 Downloads

Abstract

Rice germplasms collected from different regions could be used as valuable resources for the future breeding programme. For the utilization of such collections, knowledge about the level and distribution of genetic diversity among these collections will facilitate the breeder. In this study, we report the phenotypic correlation, biochemical quality parameters and population genetic analysis of 35 rice accessions including 34 aromatic rice from different countries and a nonaromatic, Nagina 22, a well-known drought resistance variety. Further biochemical quality analysis, gel consistency test, molecular diversity analysis with 55 simple sequence repeat markers, population structure analysis and pair wise \(F_{\mathrm{ST}}\) analysis were also conducted to assess the genetic diversity. The collected rice genotypes showed significant variability in different agronomic traits, i.e. spikelet per panicle, branches per panicle etc. Results obtained from the above tests demonstrated the importance of regional genetic studies for understanding the diversification of aromatic rice in Asian and African rice.

Keywords

basmati rice aroma alkali spreading value gel consistency amylose diversity simple sequence repeat primers 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors thank Dr H. S. Gaur, Former Vice Chancellor for providing research facilities to conduct the present work in the Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, India.

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anurag Mishra
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pushpendra Kumar
    • 2
    Email author
  • Md. Shamim
    • 3
  • Kapil K. Tiwari
    • 4
  • Parveen Fatima
    • 2
  • Deepti Srivastava
    • 5
  • Rajendra Singh
    • 6
  • Prashant Yadav
    • 7
  1. 1.Division of GeneticsIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural BiotechnologySardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and TechnologyMeerutIndia
  3. 3.Department of Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering, Dr. Kalam Agricultural CollegeBihar Agricultural UniversitySabour, BhagalpurIndia
  4. 4.Department of Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, C. P. College of AgricultureS. D. Agricultural UniversityS. K. NagarIndia
  5. 5.Integral Institute of Agricultural Science and TechnologyIntegral UniversityLucknowIndia
  6. 6.Zonal Research Station, NaginaSardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and TechnologyMeerutIndia
  7. 7.Directorate of Rapeseed Mustard ResearchBharatpurIndia

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