SCN2A mutation in an infant with Ohtahara syndrome and neuroimaging findings: expanding the phenotype of neuronal migration disorders
- 45 Downloads
Neuronal migration disorders (NMDs) are a heterogeneous group of conditions caused by the abnormal migration of neuroblasts in the developing brain and nervous system, resulting in severe developmental impairment, intractable epilepsy and intellectual disability (Spalice et al. 2009). To date, many genes have been identified as the leading cause of migration defects, i.e. agyria/pachygyria, polymicrogyria, heterotopias, agenesis of the corpus callosum and agenesis of the cranial nerves (Spalice et al. 2009). Here, we present a patient with early infantile epileptic encephalopathy (Ohtahara syndrome) with seizure onset on the first day of life, severe developmental delay and an abnormal brain MRI with excessive folding of small, fused gyri and bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria, suggestive of neuronal migration disorder. To clarify the unknown aetiology, we conducted whole-exome sequencing, which detected a de novo missense variant (c.5308A>T; p.(Met1770Leu)) in the SCN2A gene. This is a report of SCN2A gene variant identified in a patient with neuronal migration disorder which could further expand the phenotypic spectrum of these genetic disorders.