Synthesis of acridone-naphthylamine derivative and its thermally-activated delayed fluorescence studies for application in OLEDs
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Acridone (acceptor) and naphthylamine (donor) based Donor-Acceptor-Donor (D-A-D) compound (1) was synthesised, characterised and its thermally-activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) properties were studied in detail. Compound 1 is fluorescent and emits in the green region (550 nm). The energy gap between the ground and the lowest excited singlet (S1) state is estimated to be 2.55 eV. The energy gap between the CT singlet and triplet states (∆EST) was found to be ~0.3 eV. Small ∆ES1-T1 is one of the important criteria for TADF to take place in a molecule and thus detailed photophysics has been studied. Transient lifetime measurements showed an increase in the fluorescence lifetime (τ) on purging with N2, as compared with that in air-saturated solution, indicating the involvement of the triplet state in emission. Emission at 550 nm was also observed with a delay of 100 µs which corresponded to the delayed fluorescence in 1. The lifetime of TADF was found to be 176 µs. Applications of TADF materials in organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) has gotten attention as TADF materials utilise the triplet excitons which helps in increasing internal quantum efficiency of device. Air-saturated based on 1 were fabricated and their intensity was found to be nearly as high as 17,000 Cd/m2 at 25 mA/cm2 which was comparable to many of the known TADF emitters.
KeywordsAcridone thermally activated delayed fluorescence organic light-emitting devices
We thank Swati Dixit for her assistance in cyclic voltammetric studies. We thank Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai for NMR and MALDI-TOF. We also thank the Radiation and Photochemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre for TCSPC. NA and SB thank the Department of Science and Technology for partial financial support (EMR/2017/000805).
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