Advertisement

Synthesis, structure and solid-state electrical conductivity of bis(1,2-diphenylethylene-1,2-dithiolate)nickel(II)

  • Arghya Dutta
  • Arnab Chatterjee
  • Kishalay Bhar
  • Anindita Banerjee
  • Rajarshi GhoshEmail author
Regular Article
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

One nickel(II)-dithiolene complex bis(1,2-diphenylethylene-1,2-dithiolate)nickel(II) has been synthesized and crystallographically characterized. The complex is square planar at its metal centre. The compound in its solid-state is found to conduct electricity at room temperature. Variation of conduction is also found on raising the temperature. Instead of a metal…metal orbital overlap, the electron density is expected here to pass through some other covalent and electrostatic bonds of the compound in solid-state resulting in electricity conduction.

Graphic abstract

A square planar nickel(II)dithiolene complex has been synthesized and characterized. Its conductivity was measured at varying temperatures. This revealed its semiconductivity in nature. The electrical conductivity of this complex has been explained by considering the long intermolecular distance and π…π stacking interaction. Molecular orbital calculations were also done to explain its electrical conductivity.

Keywords

Ni(II) dithiolene complex synthesis X-ray structure electricity conduction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

AD and AC are thankful to CSIR, India and DST-PURSE, India, respectively for their fellowships. We gratefully acknowledge USIC (Burdwan University) for SCXRD facility. Generous help by Dr. Abhigyan Dutta, Department of Physics, The University of Burdwan, by rendering solid-state electrical conductivity data is also gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

12039_2019_1655_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (204 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 205 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    (a) Schrauzer G N, Mayweg V P and Heinrich W 1965 Concerning the synthesis of Dithio-α-diketone complexes of Transition Metals from Thiophosphates of 1,2-Dithiols Inorg. Chem. 4 1615; (b) Schrauzer G N and Mayweg V P 1965 Preparation, Reactions, and Structure of Bisdithio-α-diketone Complexes of Nickel, Palladium, and Platinum J. Am. Chem. Soc. 87 1483Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    (a) King R B and Eggers C A 1968 Organosulfur Derivatives of the Metal Carbonyls. X. Some Transition Metal Derivatives Containing Both π-Cyclopentadienyl and cis-1,2-Ethylenedithiolate Ligands Inorg. Chem. 7 340; (b) Schroth W 1965 Cis-und trans-dimercaptoäthylen Tetrahedron Lett. 6 195Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    (a) Hoyer E, Dietzsch W, Henning H and Schroth W 1969 cis-Dimercaptoäthylenals Stammligand der Dithiolat-Chelate Chem. Ber. 102 603; (b) Wharton E J and McCleverty J A 1969 Transition-metal Dithiolenes. Part VIII. Metal Complexes of Tris-tetra-chlorobenzene-1,2-dithiol and related Compounds J. Chem. Soc. (A)2258; (c) Andersen J R, Patel V V and Engler E M 1978 Bis-1,2-dithiole chemistry: synthesis of compounds containing the 4,4´ bis-(1,3-dithiole) unit Tetrahedron Lett. 19 239Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    (a) Stiefel E I 1996 Molybdenum Bolsters the Bioinorganic Brigade Science 272 1599; (b) Wuebbens M M and Rajagopalan K V 1995 Investigation of the Early Steps of Molybdopterin Biosynthesis in Escherichia coli through the use of in vivo Labeling Studies J. Biol. Chem. 270 1082Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    (a) Westcott B L, Gruhn N E and Enemark J H 1998 Evaluation of Molybdenum–Sulfur Interactions in Molybdoenzyme Model Complexes by Gas-Phase Photoelectron Spectroscopy. The “Electronic Buffer” Effect J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120 3382; (b) McNaughton R, Helton M E, Rubie N D and Kirk M L 2000 The Oxo-Gate Hypothesis and DMSO Reductase: Implications for a Psuedo-σ Bonding Interaction Involved in Enzymatic Electron Transfer Inorg. Chem. 39 4386; (c) Sarkar S and Das S K 1992 Synthesis of the active sites of molybdoenzymes: MoO2 (VI) and MoO (IV)-dithiolene complexes mimicking enzymatic reactions of sulphite oxidase with saturation kinetics Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Chem. Sci.) 104 437Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    (a) Malfant L, Cordente N, Lacroix P G and Lepetit C 1998 New Hybrid Materials Combining Nickel Bis (dithiolene) Metal Complexes and Reducible Stilbazolium Cations. A Search for Possible Interplay between Optical Nonlinearity and Conductivity Chem. Mater. 10 4079; (b) Kambe T, Sakamoto R, Kusamoto T, Pal T, Fukui N, Hoshiko K, Shimojima T, Wang Z, Hirahara T, Ishizaka K, Hasegawa S, Liu F and Nishihara H 2014 Redox Control and High Conductivity of Nickel Bis(dithiolene) Complex π-Nanosheet: A Potential Organic Two-Dimensional Topological Insulator J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136 14357; (c) Kambe T, Sakamoto R, Hoshiko K, Takada K, Miyachi M, Ryu I-H, Sasaki S, Kim J, Nakazato K, Takata M and Nishihara H 2013 π-Conjugated Nickel Bis(dithiolene) Complex Nanosheet J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135 2462; (d) Basu P, Nigam A, Mogesa B, Denti S and Nemykin V 2010 Synthesis, characterization, spectroscopy, electronic and redox properties of a new nickel dithiolene system Inorg. Chim. Acta 363 2857Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Clough A J, Skelton J M, Downes C A, de la Rosa A A, Yoo J W, Walsh A, Melot B C and Marinescu S C 2017 Metallic Conductivity in a Two-Dimensional Cobalt Dithiolene Metal-Organic Framework J. Am. Chem. Soc. 139 10863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    (a) McNamara J P, Hillier I H, Bhachu T S and Garner C D 2005 The nature and function of the catalytic centres of the DMSO reductases Dalton Trans. 21 3572; (b) McNamara W R, Han Z, Alperin P J, Brennessel W W, Holland P L and Eisenberg R 2011 A Cobalt-Dithiolene Complex for the Photocatalytic and Electrocatalytic Reduction of Protons J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133 15368Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Espa D, Pilia L, Marchiò L, Mercuri M L, Serpe A, Barsella A, Fort A, Dalgleish S J, Robertson N and Deplano P 2011 Redox-Switchable Chromophores Based on Metal (Ni, Pd, Pt) Mixed-Ligand Dithiolene Complexes Showing Molecular Second-Order Nonlinear-Optical Activity Inorg. Chem. 50 2058Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    (a) Madhu V and Das S K 2008 New Series of Asymmetrically Substituted Bis(1,2-dithiolato)-Nickel(III) Complexes Exhibiting Near IR Absorption and Structural Diversity Inorg. Chem. 47 5055; (b) Mueller-Westerhoff U T, Vance B and Yoon D L 1991 The synthesis of dithiolene dyes with strong near-IR absorption Tetrahedron 47 909Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Garreau-de Bonneval B, Ching K I M-C, Alary F, Bui T-T and Valade L 2010 Neutral d8 metal bis-dithiolene complexes: Synthesis, electronic properties and applications Coord. Chem. Rev. 254 1457Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Miao Q, Gao J, Wang Z, Yu H, Luo Y and Ma T 2011 Synthesis and characterization of several nickel bis(dithiolene) complexes with strong and broad near-IR absorption Inorg. Chim. Acta 376 619Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Anderson B M and Hurst S K 2009 Platinum Stacking Interactions in Homoleptic Platinum Polymers Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 3041Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arghya Dutta
    • 1
  • Arnab Chatterjee
    • 1
  • Kishalay Bhar
    • 2
  • Anindita Banerjee
    • 3
  • Rajarshi Ghosh
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryThe University of BurdwanBurdwanIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, School of Chemical Science and PharmacyBandar SindriIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsThe University of BurdwanBurdwanIndia

Personalised recommendations