Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Monovalent \((\hbox {Li}^{+1})\) doping effect in multiferroic \(\hbox {GdMnO}_{3}\)

  • 18 Accesses

Abstract

This paper reports the temperature- and field-dependent magnetic properties of monovalent-doped polycrystalline sample \(\hbox {Gd}_{0.85}\hbox {Li}_{0.15}\hbox {MnO}_{3}\) (GLMO) prepared by conventional solid-state reaction route. Final sintering at 1673 K for 18 h yields in the formation of well-grown, impurity phase free, single-phased, orthorhombic structured (with Pbnm space group) crystal. The optical properties have been investigated by UV-absorption spectra. The room temperature UV-absorption spectrum using Tauc’s formula gives an optical band gap of\({\sim }\)3.12 eV. The paramagnetic (PM) state to incommensurate antiferromagnetic (ICAFM) state transition temperature increases due to Li doping. Magnetic hysteresis curve at 5 K signifies the Gd spin ordering.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  1. 1.

    Feyerherm R, Dudzik E, Wolter A U B, Valencia S, Prokhnenko O, Maljuk A et al 2009 Phys. Rev. B 79 134426

  2. 2.

    Pimenov A, Mukhin A A, Ivanov V Y, Travkin V D, Balbashov A M and Loidl A 2006 Nat. Phys. 2 97

  3. 3.

    Kimura T, Lawes G, Goto T, Tokura Y and Ramirez A P 2005 Phys. Rev. B 71 224425

  4. 4.

    Goto T, Kimura T, Lawes G, Ramirez A P and Tokura Y 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 257201

  5. 5.

    Ribeiro J L 2007 Phys. Rev. B 76 144417

  6. 6.

    Kimura T, Goto T, Shintani H, Ishizaka K, Arima T and Tokura Y 2003 Nature (London) 426 55

  7. 7.

    Cheong S W and Mostovoy M 2007 Nat. Mater. 6 13

  8. 8.

    Kimura T, Ishihara S, Shintani H, Arima T, Takahashi K T, Ishizaka K et al 2003 Phys. Rev. B 68 060403

  9. 9.

    Hemberger J, Lobina S, von Nidda H A K, Tristan N, Ivanov V Y, Mukhin A A et al 2004 Phys. Rev. B 70 024414

  10. 10.

    Samantaray S, Mishra D K, Pradhan S K, Mishra P, Sekhar B R, Behera D et al 2013 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 339 168

  11. 11.

    Nandy A, Roychowdhury A, Kar T, Das D and Pradhan S K 2016 RSC Adv. 6 20609

  12. 12.

    Biswas S, Khan M, Pal S and Bose E 2014 J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 27 463

  13. 13.

    Snyder G J, Booth C H, Bridges F, Hiskes Ron, Di Carolis Steve, Beasley M R et al 1997 Phys. Rev. B 55 6453

  14. 14.

    Biswas S, Pal S and Bose E 2014 Indian J. Phys. 88 1045

  15. 15.

    Singh D, Gupta R and Bamzai K K 2016 J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron.28 5295

  16. 16.

    Baier J, Meie D, Berggold K, Hemberger J, Balbashov A, Mydosh J A et al 2006 Phys. Rev. B 73 100402

  17. 17.

    Dutta Dimple P, Jayakumar O D, Tyagi A K, Girija K G, Pillai C G S and Sharma G 2010 Nanoscale 2 1149

  18. 18.

    Dutta Dimple P, Sharma G, Rajaraman A K, Yusuf S M and Dey G K 2007 Chem. Mater. 19 1921

Download references

Acknowledgements

We wish to acknowledge UGC-DAE-CSR, Kolkata, for giving the instrumental facilities.

Author information

Correspondence to Sudipta Pal.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sarkar, R., Sarkar, B. & Pal, S. Monovalent \((\hbox {Li}^{+1})\) doping effect in multiferroic \(\hbox {GdMnO}_{3}\). Bull Mater Sci 43, 64 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12034-020-2045-4

Download citation

Keywords

  • Manganites
  • optical properties
  • magnetic properties
  • magnetic phase transition