Bulletin of Materials Science

, 42:260 | Cite as

Joining of tubular steel–steel by unconventional magnetic pulse force: environmentally friendly technology

  • K ShanthalaEmail author
  • T N Sreenivasa
  • H N Narasimha Murthy
  • Shantharam Dond
  • Hitesh Choudhury
  • Archana Sharma


Electromagnetic welding uses environment-friendly, unconventional non-contacting magnetic pulse force for joining of two metals. The present paper focuses on the welding of tubular mild steel to two different steel bars, ferrite-pearlite 1018 carbon steel and austenite 304 stainless steel using a 40 kJ electromagnetic instrument. A qualitative metallurgical bonding was obtained for a selected set of optimum process parameters. The bonded region did not show localized melting for a mild steel–carbon steel joint and was found to be homogeneous liquid state bonding for a mild steel–stainless steel joint within a restricted distance of \(3~\upmu \hbox {m}\) from the interface. Both the joints indicated good peel strength and leak tightness. Simulation studies were validated using experimental parameters such as voltage, current, impact velocity, magnetic flux and displacement.


Carbon steel stainless steel electromagnetic joining welding 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the authorities of APPD, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), for giving permission to conduct the experiment. The authors also acknowledge the support extended while conducting the experiments by the EMM team of PPSS, APPD at BARC, Mumbai.


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K Shanthala
    • 1
    Email author
  • T N Sreenivasa
    • 1
  • H N Narasimha Murthy
    • 2
  • Shantharam Dond
    • 3
  • Hitesh Choudhury
    • 3
  • Archana Sharma
    • 3
  1. 1.AMC Engineering CollegeVisvesvaraya Technological UniversityBengaluruIndia
  2. 2.R V College of EngineeringBengaluruIndia
  3. 3.Bhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia

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