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Medical Oncology

, 36:64 | Cite as

The role of radiotherapy in epithelial ovarian cancer: a literature overview

  • Giuseppe Carlo Iorio
  • Stefania Martini
  • Francesca Arcadipane
  • Umberto Ricardi
  • Pierfrancesco FrancoEmail author
Review Article

Abstract

Ovarian cancer (OC) accounts for 3% of all cancer in women and for 5% of all cancer-related deaths. Epithelial Ovarian Cancer (EOC) is a radiosensitive malignancy with a poor prognosis. In the pre-chemotherapy era, radiation therapy (RT) delivered to the abdominopelvic region (whole abdominal irradiation, WAI) has historically played a role in the adjuvant and consolidation setting. Specific cluster of patients with early-stage disease and definite histologies may take advantage of RT. Platinum-based chemotherapy (CT) has replaced RT and plays a major role in most of the clinical settings. Radiation Therapy for palliation is recommended in patients with localized symptoms. Nevertheless, modern RT represents a reliable treatment option, with a mild toxicity profile, particularly effective for oligo-recurrent or progressive disease. The present literature review aims to highlight the historical role of RT in EOC, the actual lines of evidence, and the future perspectives.

Keywords

Epithelial ovarian cancer Radiotherapy Radiation Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

None.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

We declare that we do not have any conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The present study has been reviewed and approved by the Internal Review Board of the Department of Oncology of the University of Turin at AOU Citta’ della Salute e della Scienza, Turin, Italy.

Research involving human and animal participants

No human participants were involved in the present study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Oncology, Radiation Oncology, School of MedicineUniversity of TurinTurinItaly
  2. 2.Department of Oncology, Radiation OncologyAOU Citta’ della Salute e della ScienzaTurinItaly

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