Interleukine-17 Administration Modulates Adult Hippocampal Neurogenesis and Improves Spatial Learning in Mice
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Adult hippocampal neurogenesis plays an important role in health and disease. Regulating neurogenesis may be a key mechanism in the pathophysiology and treatment of several neurobehavioral disorders such as schizophrenia, depression, autism spectrum disorders and Alzheimer’s disease. Cytokines are known to affect adult neurogenesis, but conflicting studies have been reported with regard to their actual role. Interleukine-17 (IL-17), a potent pro-inflammatory cytokine, has been shown to inhibit proliferation of neuroprogenitors and thus reduce hippocampal neurogenesis, while other studies suggested it can promote neurite outgrowth. In the present study we sought to explore the possible effect of a single dose administration of IL-17 on neurogenesis related behavior, i.e. spatial learning. Surprisingly, ICR mice injected with IL-17 (8 μg) had a significant slight improvement in spatial learning in the Morris water maze paradigm, without any changes in general locomotion compared with control mice. Indeed, the expression of neurogenesis related genes was down regulated following IL-17 treatment. However, we detected an upregulation in the expression of FGF-13, a gene promoting microtubule polymerization and neurite outgrowth, thus supporting neuronal maturation. We thus suggest that IL-17 has a complex role in regulating adult neurogenesis: inhibiting neuroprogenitors proliferation on one hand, while promoting maturation of already formed neuroblasts on the other hand. Our findings suggest that these roles can potentially affect neurogenesis related behavior. Its actual role in health and disease is yet to be determined.
KeywordsInterleukine-17A (IL-17A) Neurogenesis Spatial learning Fibroblat growth factor-13 Hippocampus
Compliance with Ethical Standards
All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed. All procedures performed in studies involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted.
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