Journal of Molecular Neuroscience

, Volume 67, Issue 3, pp 434–440 | Cite as

A Novel Regulatory Function of Long Non-coding RNAs at Different Levels of Gene Expression in Multiple Sclerosis

  • Jalal Gharesouran
  • Mohammad Taheri
  • Arezou Sayad
  • Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard
  • Mehrdokht Mazdeh
  • Mir Davood OmraniEmail author


Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in regulation of immunological pathways. Consequently, their expression profile represents new biomarkers for susceptibility and progression of immunological disorders. However, their role in chronic inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) remained unknown. Here, we assessed the expression of lncRNAs MALAT1 and HOTAIRM1 as well as their target genes in peripheral blood of MS patients to show their possible roles in disease initiation and progression. In this study, 50 patients with relapsing-remitting MS and 50 healthy matched controls were enrolled. Comparative Ct method via TaqMan assay was used to quantify transcript levels of MALAT1, HOTAIRM1, AGO2, CSTF2, CPSF7, and WDR33. Our analysis depicted significant differences in lncRNAs and their target genes expression levels. AGO2 expression was significantly elevated in MS patients (P < 0.001) whereas, CSTF2 expiration was considerably down-regulated (P < 0.042). These findings suggest that AGO2 and CSTF2 can be considered as potential theoretical biomarkers for MS and can be helpful for diagnosis and prognosis of responding patients to interferon.


Multiple sclerosis MALAT1 HOTAIRM1 AGO2 CSTF2 CPSF7 WDR33 



We thank our patients for participating in this study. This article has been extracted from thesis written by Jalal Gharesouran in Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (registration no; 3).

Funding Sources

This work was financially supported by a grant allocated by the Deputy of Research, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical Genetics, School of MedicineShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Student Research CommitteeShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Neurophysiology Research CenterHamadan University of Medical SciencesHamadanIran
  4. 4.Urogenital Stem Cell Research CenterShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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