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Prognostic and Diagnostic Values of miR-506 and SPON 1 in Colorectal Cancer with Clinicopathological Considerations

  • Rozita Tamjidifar
  • Morteza Akbari
  • Saeed Tarzi
  • Mahsa Sadeghzadeh
  • Mahsa Abolghasemi
  • Elham Poursaei
  • Navid Shomali
  • Farshad MahdaviEmail author
Original Research

Abstract

Purpose

One of the most common cancers in the world is colorectal cancer, which has increased significantly in recent decades. In the carcinogenicity process in the colon, there are genes involved in various cellular processes, such as cell cycle, apoptosis, and cell migration. According to studies carried out, both miR-506 and SPON 1 genes are involved in the process which initiates and promotes cancer. In this study, alterations in the expression of target genes from the viewpoint of carcinogenicity were studied and evaluated.

Methods

Fifty tumor tissues and normal marginal tissue were collected from patients who were undergoing colorectal cancer surgery. After the extraction of RNA, the real-time PCR method was performed to evaluate the gene expression. Also, alterations of gene expression in response to defined amounts of chemotherapeutic drugs (IC50) were evaluated. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results

The relative expression level of miR-506 in tumor tissues was significantly decreased in comparison with healthy marginal tissues (P = 0.044). On the other hand, the SPON1 gene expression level was decreased too in tumor tissues in comparison with healthy marginal tissues (P = 0.019). There was also a significant relationship between the expression of target genes and clinicopathological involvement. However, there was no significant alteration in these genes along with the chemotherapeutic drug.

Conclusion

These findings suggest that the relative expression of miR-506 and SPON 1 gene can be considered as a diagnostic or predictive biomarker for colorectal cancer. However, further studies on protein levels should be conducted.

Keywords

CRC miR-506 SPON1 Diagnosis Prognosis Treatment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was carried out and supported at the Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rozita Tamjidifar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Morteza Akbari
    • 1
  • Saeed Tarzi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mahsa Sadeghzadeh
    • 3
  • Mahsa Abolghasemi
    • 3
  • Elham Poursaei
    • 3
  • Navid Shomali
    • 1
    • 4
  • Farshad Mahdavi
    • 5
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Immunology Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  2. 2.Department of Biology Ahar BranchIslamic Azad UniversityAharIran
  3. 3.Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  4. 4.Student Research CommitteeTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  5. 5.Drug Applied Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  6. 6.Department of General SurgeryTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran

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