Primary Tumor Location Is a Predictor of Poor Prognosis in Patients with Locally Advanced Esophagogastric Cancer Treated with Perioperative Chemotherapy
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Esophagogastric cancer (EGC) is a leading neoplasm worldwide. Perioperative chemotherapy (periCT) is currently a standard of care for most patients (pts). Prevalence of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) tumors is increasing over the last years.
The aim of this study was to retrospectively search for prognostic factors in pts. with locally advanced EGC treated with periCT. Three-year overall survival (OS) and Event-Free Survival (EFS) were main end-points. HER-2 positive tumors were defined by immunohistochemistry or FISH.
Between June/2007 and November/2015, 128 pts. started periCT for esophagogastric junction (EGJ) or gastric adenocarcinoma (GC). Median age was 59.5 y and 64% were male. Primary site was EGJ in 27% and 65% were cN+. Diffuse subtype was seen in 42%. Ninety-seven pts. were assessed for HER-2; 14 (14.4%) were positive. After median follow-up time of 45 m, 48 deaths occurred. The 3-year OS and EFS rate was 61.3% and 51.2%, respectively. Main prognostic factors were: AJCC ypT3-T4yN1-N3 (HR 6.75 p 0.002) and EGJ primary (HR 2.64, p 0.004). Overall HER-2 was not prognostic. Still, a difference in 3-year OS was observed for GC/HER2+ compared to EGJ/HER2+ (88.9% versus 20%, p = 0.002). This difference is greater for 3-year EFS with no patient with EGJ/HER2+ free-of-event against 62.5% for GC/HER+ (p = 0.011).
In our analysis, pathological staging and primary site were main prognostic factors. Moreover, a small group of EGJ/HER2+ had very poor survival.
KeywordsGastric cancer Gastroespohageal junction Chemotherapy HER2
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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