Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 175–180 | Cite as

Music Is Capable of Inducing Changes in Gene Expression in Gastric Cancer Cells

  • Sebastián Ramírez-Rivera
  • Giuliano BernalEmail author
Brief Communication



Music has recognized beneficial effects on cancer patients; however, very little is known about the molecular processes which produce these benefits. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of music on proliferation and gene expression in gastric cancer cells.


AGS gastric cancer cells were exposed to metal and classical music, and subsequently cell proliferation and expression of genes associated with apoptosis and cell-cycle control were evaluated.


Proliferation of AGS cells increased when exposed to metal music, but not when exposed to classical music. Gene expression of caspase-3 and 8 and cyclin B1 increased in response to both musical genres; classical music repressed the expression of p53, and metal music repressed the expression of PUMA.


This is the first study to demonstrate music as a modulator of gene expression in a cancer cell line. Additional experiments are required to better understand the mechanisms of how different musical genres can induce changes in gene expression.


Gastric cancer Music Apoptosis Gene expression 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology of Cancer, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of MedicineUniversidad Católica del NorteCoquimboChile

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