Global Epidemiology of Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC Epidemiology)
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the primary liver cancer derived from hepatocytes and accounts for 85–90% of all primary liver cancers. It is the 5th common cancer in men and the 7th common cancer in women overall in the world . However, it is the third leading cause of cancer-related death, exceeded only by cancers of the lung and stomach. Even HCC is not in the most frequent cancers in the majority of the world, its high mortality and short survival time causes a serious worldwide health burden. Incıdence to mortality rate is 0.95 for HCC and 5 years survival is only 6.9%. Because only a minority of the patients are diagnosed in early stages, overall median survival time is as short as 11 months . Annually, the estimated number of new cases is about 782,000 and causing 600,000 deaths globally per year . HCC burden is not distributed evenly throughout the world. More cases of HCC occur in Asia and Africa than in Western countries and more common in middle- and low-income...
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