Fatal abdominal injuries in a bicycle-pedestrian collision – Reconstruction using multibody simulation
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Fatal bicycle-pedestrian collisions do not occur frequently and thus are rarely reported in literature. Pedestrians in bicycle-pedestrian accidents often sustain severe craniocerebral injuries caused by a collision induced fall with head impact on the road surface. We describe a case where a pedestrian crossing a road was hit by a bicycle. Hematomas of the left lower leg and of the left flank/abdomen were found to be caused by the primary impact. However, the fatal injuries were found to be contralateral with a rupture of the right renal pedicle, a rupture of the right lobe of the liver and a tear of the vena cava. Neither the bicycle impact nor a fall onto the road surface could cause these injuries. Multibody simulation (PC Crash 9.2) revealed entanglement between the bicyclist and the pedestrian followed by a contact interaction between the pedestrian laying on the road surface and the falling bicyclist. In forensic case work post-crash contact interactions between the bicyclist and the pedestrian should be considered as a potential source of severe injuries.
KeywordsBicycle-pedestrian-collision Multibody simulation Reconstruction
Compliance with ethical standards
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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