, Volume 66, Issue 2, pp 370–380 | Cite as

In early pubertal boys, testosterone and LH are associated with improved anti-oxidation during an aerobic exercise bout

  • George Paltoglou
  • Alexandra Avloniti
  • Athanasios Chatzinikolaou
  • Charikleia Stefanaki
  • Maria Papagianni
  • Ioannis Papassotiriou
  • Ioannis G. Fatouros
  • George P. Chrousos
  • Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein
  • George MastorakosEmail author
Original Article



To investigate the association of the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular (HPT) axis with pro- and anti- oxidation, in relation to puberty and obesity in boys, before and after an aerobic exercise bout.


This is a cross-sectional human observational study of 92 healthy normal-weight, obese pre- and early- pubertal boys that underwent a blood sampling, before, and after an aerobic exercise bout at 70% VO2max, until exhaustion. LH, FSH, total testosterone (tT) and markers of pro- (TBARS and PCs) and anti- (GSH, GSSG, GPX, catalase, TAC) oxidation were measured.


Baseline LH, FSH, and tT concentrations were greater in early, than in pre- pubertal boys, independently of weight status. Post-exercise, LH concentrations decreased in early pubertal boys while FSH concentrations did not change in any of the studied groups. Baseline and post-exercise tT concentrations were lower in obese than in normal-weight early pubertal boys, while baseline and post-exercise LH and FSH concentrations did not differ between these groups. Post-exercise tT concentrations increased in early pubertal obese boys. Baseline LH, FSH and tT concentrations correlated positively with baseline anti-oxidation markers concentrations in pre-pubertal boys. Baseline tT concentrations correlated positively with the increase of TAC concentrations in early pubertal normal-weight boys. In all boys, baseline LH concentrations were the best positive predictors for the exercise-associated increase of TAC concentrations.


It appears that the HPT axis maturation during puberty (in particular its LH and testosterone components) is positively associated with the increase of anti-oxidation during a bout of aerobic exercise.


HPT axis obesity puberty LH, FSH, testosterone 



This research did not receive any specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sector.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors. All procedures performed in the study involving human participants had the approval of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Medical School designated ethics committee and were in accordance with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments.

Informed consent

The aims and the procedure of the study were fully disclosed to the parents or legal guardians of the participants, and informed, written consent was obtained from them while boys gave verbal consent before the participation in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Paltoglou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alexandra Avloniti
    • 3
  • Athanasios Chatzinikolaou
    • 3
  • Charikleia Stefanaki
    • 1
    • 4
  • Maria Papagianni
    • 5
  • Ioannis Papassotiriou
    • 6
  • Ioannis G. Fatouros
    • 7
  • George P. Chrousos
    • 8
  • Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein
    • 8
  • George Mastorakos
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Endocrine Unit, “Aretaieion” HospitalNational and Kapodistrian University of Athens - Faculty of MedicineAthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of Paediatric and Adolescent EndocrinologyUniversity College London HospitalLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Physical Education and Sports SciencesDemocritus University of ThraceKomotiniGreece
  4. 4.Department of PediatricsGeneral Hospital of Piraeus ‘Aghios Panteleimon’PiraeusGreece
  5. 5.Third Department of Pediatrics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, School of Medicine“Hippokrateion” General Hospital of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  6. 6.Department of Clinical Biochemistry“Aghia Sophia” Children’s HospitalAthensGreece
  7. 7.Department of Physical Education and Sports SciencesUniversity of ThessalyTrikalaGreece
  8. 8.First Department of Pediatrics, “Aghia Sophia” Children’s HospitalNational and Kapodistrian University of Athens - Faculty of MedicineAthensGreece

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