Association of type 2 diabetes susceptible genes GCKR, SLC30A8, and FTO polymorphisms with gestational diabetes mellitus risk: a meta-analysis
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Current studies have detected the correlation of polymorphisms in type 2 diabetes susceptible genes GCKR, SLC30A8 and FTO with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk. However, findings of these studies were incongruous. Hence, we performed an integrated review and meta-analysis for the researches regarding the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in GCKR, SLC30A8 and FTO genes and GDM risk.
Eligible publications were selected on the basis of several inclusion and exclusion criteria. Correlation between each SNP and GDM risk was estimated by computing odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs).
Consequently, 19 case-control studies (from 16 citations) including 3636 GDM cases and 7229 GDM-free controls were participated in a meta-analysis of seven prevalent SNPs (GCKR rs1260326 and rs780094; SLC30A8 rs13266634 and rs11558471; FTO rs8050136, rs1421085 and rs9939609). Our results demonstrated that the rs780094, rs13266634 and rs9939609 SNPs were significantly associated with GDM risk. In stratified analysis, correlations of rs780094 and rs13266634 SNPs could be observed in Asian and Caucasian subgroups. Moreover, association between rs9939609 SNP and GDM risk was detected in Caucasian subgroup.
The GCKR rs780094, SLC30A8 rs13266634 and FTO rs9939609 SNPs were demonstrated to be the potential biomarkers for GDM risk prediction.
KeywordsGCKR SLC30A8 FTO Single nucleotide polymorphism Gestational diabetes mellitus Risk
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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