Selenium and Other Elements in Wheat (Triticum aestivum) and Wheat Bread from a Seleniferous Area

  • Margarita G. Skalnaya
  • Alexey A. TinkovEmail author
  • N. Tejo Prakash
  • Olga P. Ajsuvakova
  • Sumit K. Jaiswal
  • Ranjana Prakash
  • Andrei R. Grabeklis
  • Anatoly A. Kirichuk
  • Natalia A. Zhuchenko
  • Julita Regula
  • Feng Zhang
  • Xiong Guo
  • Anatoly V. Skalny


The objective of the present study was to assess the levels of Se, as well as other essential and toxic trace elements in wheat grains and traditional Roti-bread from whole-grain flour in a seleniferous area of Punjab (India) using inductively-coupled plasma mass-spectrometry. Wheat grain and bread selenium levels originating from seleniferous areas exceeded the control values by a factor of more than 488 and 179, respectively. Se-rich wheat was also characterized by significantly increased Cu and Mn levels. Se-rich bread also contained significantly higher levels of Cr, Cu, I, Mn, and V. The level of Li and Sr was reduced in both Se-enriched wheat and bread samples. Roti bread from Se-enriched wheat was also characterized by elevated Al, Cd, and Ni, as well as reduced As and Hg content as compared to the respective control values. Se intake with Se-rich bread was estimated as more than 13,600% of RDA. Daily intake of Mn with both Se-unfortified and Se-fortified bread was 133% and 190% of RDA. Therefore, Se-rich bread from wheat cultivated on a seleniferous area of Punjab (India) may be considered as a potent source of selenium, although Se status should be monitored throughout dietary intervention.


Selenium Cereals Manganese Recommended daily allowance Toxicity 



The current investigation is supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research within project no. 17-55-45027 and Department of Science and Technology, Government of India (INT/RUS/RFBR/P-252) “Localization of selenium and other trace elements in edible crops cultivated in seleniferous soils.”

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margarita G. Skalnaya
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Alexey A. Tinkov
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • N. Tejo Prakash
    • 4
  • Olga P. Ajsuvakova
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sumit K. Jaiswal
    • 5
  • Ranjana Prakash
    • 4
  • Andrei R. Grabeklis
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Anatoly A. Kirichuk
    • 3
  • Natalia A. Zhuchenko
    • 2
  • Julita Regula
    • 6
  • Feng Zhang
    • 7
  • Xiong Guo
    • 7
  • Anatoly V. Skalny
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 8
  1. 1.Yaroslavl State UniversityYaroslavlRussia
  2. 2.IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)MoscowRussia
  4. 4.Thapar Institute of Engineering and TechnologyPatialaIndia
  5. 5.Marwadi UniversityRajkotIndia
  6. 6.Poznan University of Life SciencesPoznanPoland
  7. 7.School of Public Health, Health Science CenterXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  8. 8.Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agro-technologies of the Russian Academy of SciencesOrenburgRussia

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