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Association Between Cortisol, Insulin Resistance and Zinc in Obesity: a Mini-Review

  • Jennifer Beatriz Silva Morais
  • Juliana Soares Severo
  • Jéssica Batista Beserra
  • Ana Raquel Soares de Oiveira
  • Kyria Jayanne Clímaco Cruz
  • Stéfany Rodrigues de Sousa Melo
  • Ginivaldo Victor Ribeiro do Nascimento
  • George Fred Soares de Macedo
  • Dilina do Nascimento MarreiroEmail author
Article
  • 42 Downloads

Abstract

Adipose tissue is considered an endocrine organ and its excess compromises the immune response and the metabolism of hormones and nutrients. Furthermore, visceral fat accumulation contributes to increased cortisol synthesis, which in turn induces metallothionein and Zip14 expression, which are proteins that contribute to reducing plasma zinc levels. Zinc plays a critical role in the secretion and signaling of insulin. Changes in the biochemical parameters of zinc, as observed in individuals who are obese, contribute to the manifestation of related disorders such as insulin resistance. Thus, the purpose of this review is to provide an update on the current information on the relationship between cortisol, zinc, and insulin resistance in obesity. The data in the literature provide evidence that cortisol affects zinc metabolism, and indicate possible repercussions on insulin signaling that might contribute to the development of resistance to the actions of insulin in obesity.

Keywords

Zinc Cortisol Insulin resistance Obesity Metabolism 

Notes

Author Contributions

The authors contributed equally.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer Beatriz Silva Morais
    • 1
  • Juliana Soares Severo
    • 1
  • Jéssica Batista Beserra
    • 1
  • Ana Raquel Soares de Oiveira
    • 1
  • Kyria Jayanne Clímaco Cruz
    • 1
  • Stéfany Rodrigues de Sousa Melo
    • 1
  • Ginivaldo Victor Ribeiro do Nascimento
    • 2
  • George Fred Soares de Macedo
    • 3
  • Dilina do Nascimento Marreiro
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Nutrition, Health Sciences CenterFederal University of PiauíTeresinaBrazil
  2. 2.State University of PiauíTeresinaBrazil
  3. 3.Hopital GastrovitaTeresinaBrazil

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