Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 189, Issue 1, pp 224–232 | Cite as

Comparison of Inorganic and Organically Bound Trace Minerals on Tissue Mineral Deposition and Fecal Excretion in Broiler Breeders

  • Geng Wang
  • Lujie Liu
  • Zhongpei Wang
  • Xun Pei
  • Wenjing Tao
  • Zhiping Xiao
  • Bojing Liu
  • Minqi WangEmail author
  • Gang Lin
  • Tuoying Ao


This study investigated the effects of replacement of inorganic trace minerals (ITMs) by organic trace minerals (OTMs) on tissue mineral retention and fecal excretion in “Zhen Ning” yellow feather broiler breeders. Six hundred hens (initial BW: 1.70 ± 0.07 kg) aged 40 weeks were randomly divided into five treatments, with four replicates of 30 broiler breeders each. Experimental treatments were as follows: (1) ITM (Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Se providing commercially recommended concentrations), (2) L-ITM (50% of the ITM, except for Se), (3) VL-OTM (37.5% of the ITM, except for Se), (4) L-OTM (equivalent to L-ITM), and (5) OTM (62.5% of the ITM, except for Se). The duration of the study was 10 weeks including 2 weeks for adaptation. Compared with the L-ITM treatment, high-level supplementation of minerals in ITM and OTM increased the concentration of serum Mn and Se, pectoral Fe and pancreas Cu, and Fe (P < 0.05). Birds fed with OTM dietary exhibited comparable mineral retention in muscle compared with ITM. Differences were observed between L-ITM and L-OTM in serum Mn and Se, pectoral Fe, Zn, and Se, and heart Se with L-OTM retaining higher mineral concentrations than L-ITM (P < 0.05). L-OTM retained identical concentration with ITM treatment, except for the pancreatic Fe. All three organic diets reduced the Zn in excreta compared with the two inorganic diets (P < 0.05). This study indicates that replacement of dietary ITMs by OTMs improved mineral deposition in tissues and reduced fecal mineral excretion in broiler breeders under the conditions of this study.


Organically bound trace minerals Inorganic trace minerals Fecal mineral excretion Tissue mineral deposition Broiler breeder hens 


Funding Information

This research is financially supported by the Science and Technology Key Projects of Zhejiang Province, China (No. 2015C02022). We acknowledge the great support from the Ningbo Zhenning Animal Husbandry Ltd. Company, which provided the broiler breeder hens and procedural details of managing this trial. We also thank Youjin Tu, Junbao Jiang, and Lei Lu for the technical support in sample collection.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geng Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lujie Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhongpei Wang
    • 3
  • Xun Pei
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wenjing Tao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhiping Xiao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bojing Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Minqi Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Gang Lin
    • 4
  • Tuoying Ao
    • 5
  1. 1.College of Animal ScienceZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in Eastern China, Ministry of AgricultureZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Ninghai Animal Husbandry and Veterinary BureauZhejiangChina
  4. 4.Alltech Biological Products (china) Co., LtdBeijingChina
  5. 5.Center for Animal Nutrigenomics & Applied Animal NutritionAlltech IncNicholasvilleUSA

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