Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 187, Issue 2, pp 562–567 | Cite as

Are There as Many Essential and Non-essential Minerals in Hydroponic Strawberry (Fragaria ananassa L.) Compared to Those Grown in Soil?

  • Seong Hwa Jeon
  • Saranya Kuppusamy
  • Young-Eun Yoon
  • Hyeon Tae Kim
  • Yong Bok LeeEmail author


The present study aims to compare the contents of minerals (essential major—K, Ca, Mg, Na, P, S; essential trace—Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, B, Mo, As, Se, Ni, V, Cr, Co; non-essential—Sn, Ga, Li, Be, Rb, Sr, Al, Pd, Cd, Hg, Pb, Ge) in strawberry (stem, leaf, and fruit) cultivated in two different cultivation systems, soil and hydroponic. The concentrations of 30 minerals in the acid-digested strawberry samples were determined by ICP-MS and ICP-OES. Hydroponic strawberry (leaf > fruit > stem) indicated higher values for most minerals which were below the plant toxicity levels. In leaves collected from the hydroponic system, it was observed there were larger amounts of Fe, Zn, B, As, Se, Ni, V, Cr, Al, Cd, and Pd. Hydroponic fruits were the significant sources of K, P, Mn, Zn, Cr, and Co. Hydroponic strawberry leaves could contribute twice as many higher and safe daily intake of minerals to humans than other fruits. This analysis shows that, firstly, higher quality and safely edible produce can be provided by the hydroponic system; and secondly, strawberry leaf is a potential mineral source.


Plant nutrition Macro-elements Micro-elements Open field Soil-free cultivation 


Funding Information

This work was supported by Korea Institute of Planning and Evaluation for Technology in Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (IPET) through Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs Research Center Support Program, funded by Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA) (717001-7).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

12011_2018_1394_MOESM1_ESM.doc (54 kb)
Table S1 (DOC 54.5 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seong Hwa Jeon
    • 1
  • Saranya Kuppusamy
    • 2
  • Young-Eun Yoon
    • 1
  • Hyeon Tae Kim
    • 2
  • Yong Bok Lee
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Applied Life Science (BK21 Plus)Gyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Institute of Agriculture and Life ScienceGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea

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