Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 185, Issue 1, pp 216–224 | Cite as

Biomonitoring of Trace Metals in the Keban Dam Reservoir (Turkey) Using Mussels (Unio elongatulus eucirrus) and Crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus)

  • Memet VarolEmail author
  • Muhammet Raşit Sünbül


Freshwater mussels and crayfish are commonly used as biomonitors of trace metals. In the present study, the concentrations of ten metals were determined in mussels (Unio elongatulus eucirrus) and crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus) collected from the Keban Dam Reservoir in Turkey. The significant spatial differences in concentrations of studied metals except As in mussels were not found. However, Co, Cr, Cu, and Zn concentrations in mussels and As, Co, Cu, Fe, Pb, and Zn concentrations in crayfish showed significant seasonal differences. As, Cd, and Mn levels in mussels were about nine times higher than those in crayfish. The concentrations of Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Zn, and inorganic As in crayfish and mussels were lower than maximum permissible levels. When compared with other biomonitoring studies using mussels and crayfish, high concentrations of As, Cd, Co, Cr, and Ni in mussels and Cr and Ni in crayfish were observed due to lithogenic sources and anthropogenic activities in the basin. Bioconcentration factor values of Fe, Mn, Cd, and Zn in mussels and Zn, Cu, Fe, and Co in crayfish were > 1000, which indicates that both U. e. eucirrus and A. leptodactylus have potential to bioaccumulate these metals. Therefore, attention should be paid to mussels and crayfish from ecological and human health perspective, because they are potential vectors of metals to higher trophic levels.


Metals Mussel Crayfish Biomonitoring Keban Dam Reservoir 


Funding Information

The study was supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) (Project No: 114Y018).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018
Corrected publication January/2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Fisheries, Department of Basic Aquatic SciencesInonu UniversityMalatyaTurkey
  2. 2.Aquaculture Research InstituteElazığTurkey

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