Surface Functionalization of Poly(N-Vinylpyrrolidone) onto Poly(Dimethylsiloxane) for Anti-Biofilm Application
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Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) has been widely used in the field of microfluidics, optical systems, and sensors. However, the hydrophobic nature of PDMS leads to low surface wettability and biofouling problems due to the nonspecific proteins–hydrophobic surface interactions and cell/bacterial adhesion. In this work, the PDMS surface was first introduced with amino groups (PDMS-NH2) via KOH-catalyzed reaction with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES). The PDMS-NH2 was then grafted with poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) based on the self-adhesion reaction between the amino surface and catechol-functionalized PVP (CA-PLL-PVP). CA-PLL-PVP as a comb-polymer was synthesized by conjugating PVP-COOH along with caffeic acid to the ε-polylysine backbone. A significantly enhanced water wettability was observed with contact angles dropped from 116° to 14° after coating with CA-PLL-PVP. The coated surface demonstrated excellent antifouling performance that no appreciable Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm formation could be observed. This novel facile antifouling coating on PDMS surface may find greater biomedical applications to eliminate the potential adherence problems caused by natural biofouling.
KeywordsAnti-biofilm PDMS PVP copolymer Catechol-assisted coating
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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