Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 187, Issue 2, pp 583–611 | Cite as

Laccases from Marine Organisms and Their Applications in the Biodegradation of Toxic and Environmental Pollutants: a Review

  • Monnat Theerachat
  • David Guieysse
  • Sandrine Morel
  • Magali Remaud-Siméon
  • Warawut ChulalaksananukulEmail author


The discharge of industrial effluent creates environmental problems around the world and so necessitates the need for the economically expensive and sometimes technically problematic treatment of the wastewater. Laccases have enormous potential for the oxidative bioremediation of toxic xenobiotic compounds using only molecular oxygen as the sole cofactor for their reaction, and their application is regarded as environmentally friendly. Due to the low substrate specificity of laccases, they can oxidize a variety of substrates. Moreover, by using appropriate mediators, laccases can degrade a wide range of substrates, including those with structural complexity. Thus, laccases are an attractive alternative for wastewater treatment. Marine environments are rich in microorganisms that are exposed to extreme conditions, such as salinity, temperature, and pressure. Laccases from these microorganisms potentially have suitable properties that might be adaptive to bioremediation processes. This review provides the latest information on laccases from marine environments, their sources, biochemical properties, media composition for laccase production, and their applications in the bioremediation of industrial waste, especially focusing on dye decolorization.


Laccase Bioremediation Xenobiotic compounds Marine environment Dye decolorization 



We gratefully acknowledge Chulalongkorn University for financial support.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Université de Toulouse, INSA, UPS, INP, LISBPToulouseFrance
  3. 3.CNRS, UMR5504ToulouseFrance
  4. 4.INRA, UMR792, Ingénierie des Systèmes Biologiques et des ProcédésToulouseFrance

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