Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 186, Issue 3, pp 750–763 | Cite as

Xanthan Gum Production by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris IBSBF 1866 and 1867 from Lignocellulosic Agroindustrial Wastes

  • Juliana Albuquerque da Silva
  • Lucas Guimarães CardosoEmail author
  • Denilson de Jesus Assis
  • Gleice Valéria Pacheco Gomes
  • Maria Beatriz Prior Pinto Oliveira
  • Carolina Oliveira de Souza
  • Janice Izabel Druzian


This study aimed to evaluate the properties of xanthan gum produced by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris 1866 and 1867 from lignocellulosic agroindustrial wastes. XG was produced using an orbital shaker in a culture medium containing coconut shell (CS), cocoa husks (CH), or sucrose (S) minimally supplemented with urea and potassium. The XG production results varied between the CS, CH, and S means, and it was higher with the CH in strains 1866 (4.48 g L−1) and 1867 (3.89 g L−1). However, there was more apparent viscosity in the S gum (181.88 mPas) and the CS gum (112.06 mPas) for both 1866 and 1867, respectively. The ability of XGCS and XGCH to emulsify different vegetable oils was similar to the ability of XGS. All gums exhibited good thermal stability and marked groups in the elucidation of compounds and particles with rough surfaces.


Agroindustrial wastes Lignocellulosic Xanthomonas campestris and xanthan gum (XG) 


Funding Information

We would like to thank the funding agencies CAPES, FAPESP, and the CNPq project PVE 400710/2014-5 for financial support and the Graduate Programs in Chemical Engineering and Food Sciences of the Federal University of Bahia.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juliana Albuquerque da Silva
    • 1
  • Lucas Guimarães Cardoso
    • 2
    Email author
  • Denilson de Jesus Assis
    • 1
  • Gleice Valéria Pacheco Gomes
    • 3
  • Maria Beatriz Prior Pinto Oliveira
    • 4
  • Carolina Oliveira de Souza
    • 2
  • Janice Izabel Druzian
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringFederal University of BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  2. 2.Faculty of PharmacyFederal University of BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  3. 3.Federal Institute of EducationScience and Technology BaianoSenhor do BonfimBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of PharmacyUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal

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