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Preparation and properties of fluoroalkyl end-capped 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid oligomer/poly(vinyl alcohol) composite film

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Abstract

Fluoroalkyl end-capped 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid oligomer/poly(vinyl alcohol) composite [RF-(AMPS)n-RF/PVA] films were prepared by casting homogeneous aqueous methanol solutions containing RF-(AMPS)n-RF/PVA composites, which were prepared by the reactions of the corresponding oligomer with PVA. The transparent colorless RF-(AMPS)n-RF/PVA composite films thus obtained were subjected to tensile testing to evaluate the values of Young’s modulus, tensile strength, and elongation at break. The RF-(AMPS)n-RF/PVA composites films are capable of greater Young’s modulus than the original PVA film (PVA/HCl film), which was prepared by casting the aqueous methanol solution of PVA in the presence of 1 N hydrochloric acid. The polymer film bearing a higher Young’s modulus is, in general, tough and brittle to providing lower elongation at break; however, we can observe a significant increase in both the tensile strength and elongation at break of the RF-(AMPS)n-RF/PVA composite films, compared to those of the PVA/HCl film. In addition, it was demonstrated that the RF-(AMPS)n-RF/PVA composite films can exhibit a higher water adsorption ability than that of the PVA/HCl film.

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Acknowledgments

This work was partially supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research 16K05891 from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports, and Culture, Japan.

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Correspondence to Hideo Sawada.

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Katayama, S., Yasuta, M. & Sawada, H. Preparation and properties of fluoroalkyl end-capped 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid oligomer/poly(vinyl alcohol) composite film. J Coat Technol Res 17, 219–230 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-019-00259-6

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Keywords

  • Fluorinated oligomer
  • Poly(vinyl alcohol)
  • Composite film
  • Mechanical property
  • Composite gel
  • Double-network gel