Intervention to Promote Responsible Conduct of Research Mentoring
Although much of the focus on responsible conduct in research has been defined by courses or online training, it is generally understood that this is less important than what happens in the research environment. On the assumption that providing faculty with tools and resources to address the ethical dimensions of the practice of research would be useful, a new workshop was convened ten times across seven academic institutions and at the annual meeting of a professional society. Workshops were attended by 91 faculty, 71 (78% response rate) of whom completed evaluations strongly supportive of the value of the workshop. Surveys of trainees identified by the faculty allowed for invitations to complete an online survey before and 6 months after the workshops, respectively resulting in response rates of 43 and 51%. Faculty and trainees were highly supportive of the feasibility, relevance, and effectiveness of the implementation by the faculty of one or more of the five strategies featured in the workshop. However, surprisingly over 70% of the trainees reported use of one or more of those strategies prior to faculty participation in the workshops. In sum, the workshops for faculty were successful, and the proposed strategies were deemed of value, but it is likely that the faculty voluntarily choosing to participate in these workshops were perhaps not surprisingly faculty who are already engaging in some of these strategies. This model is likely a useful adjunct to encouraging a culture of ethics, but it is not by itself sufficient to do so.
KeywordsResearch ethics Responsible conduct of research Mentoring
- Anderson, M. S. (2011). Research misconduct and misbehavior. In T. Bertram Gallant (Ed.), Creating the ethical academy: A systems approach to understanding misconduct and empowering change in higher education (pp. 83–96). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Anderson, M. S., Horn, A. S., Risbey, K. R., Ronning, E. A., DeVries, R., & Martinson, B. C. A. (2007). What do mentoring and training in the responsible conduct of research have to do with scientists’ misbehavior? Findings from a national survey of NIH funded scientists. Academic Medicine, 82(9), 853–860.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Artino, A. R. & Brown, S. W. (2009). Ethics in educational research: A comparative analysis of graduate student and faculty beliefs. College Student Journal 43(2). Project Innovation (Alabama). http://www.freepatentsonline.com/article/College-Student-Journal/201608576.html.
- Hartmann, D., & Mullins, M. (2003). Teaching research ethics: An institutional change model. Dave Hartmann and Megan Mullins, June 2003 (Western Michigan University, unpublished). Cited by Langlais (2006).Google Scholar
- Heitman, E., Salis, P. J., & Bulger, R. E. (2001). Teaching ethics in biomedical science: Effects on moral reasoning skills. In Proceedings of the First ORI Research Conference on Research Integrity (pp. 195–202).Google Scholar
- Institute of Medicine. (2002). Chapter 3: The research environment and its impact on integrity in research. Integrity in scientific research: Creating an environment that promotes responsible conduct. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/10430/integrity-in-scientific-research-creating-an-environment-that-promotes-responsible.
- Kalichman, M. (2013b). Why teach research ethics? In Proceedings from National Academy of Engineering Workshop on Practical Guidance on Science and Engineering Ethics Education (pp. 5–16).Google Scholar
- Kalichman, M. W. (2011). The problem of research misconduct, EthicsCORE, National Professional and Research Ethics Portal. http://nationalethicscenter.org/resources/220.
- Langlais, P. (2006). Ethics for the next generation. In 16th Annual Teaching Renewal Conference, 2/23/06, University of Missouri at Columbia. https://www.academia.edu/16969148/Ethics_for_the_next_generation.
- NIFA/USDA (2013). Responsible and ethical conduct of research. Article 7 Other Requirements (not specified elsewhere). Agency-Specific Terms and Conditions, National Institute of Food and Agriculture U.S. Department of Agriculture Research Terms and Conditions. https://research.ufl.edu/compliance/pdf/nifa_213.pdf.
- NIH (1989). Requirement for programs on the responsible conduct of research in national research service award institutional training programs. NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts, 18(45), 1. http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/historical/1989_12_22_Vol_18_No_45.pdf.
- NIH (2009). Update on the requirement for instruction in the responsible conduct of research. Release date: November 24, 2009. Notice: OD-10-019. http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-10-019.html.
- NSF (2009). Responsible conduct of research. Part II—award and administration guidelines. In Proposal and Award policies and procedures guide (pp. IV–3). http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/policydocs/pappguide/nsf10_1/nsf10_1.pdf.
- Swazey, J. P., & Anderson, M. S. (1996). Mentors, advisors, and role models in graduate and professional education. Washington, DC: Association of Academic Health Centers.Google Scholar