Food and Bioprocess Technology

, Volume 12, Issue 10, pp 1733–1740 | Cite as

The Role of Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 in Gibberellic Acid-Induced Chilling Tolerance and Defense Response in Postharvest Peach Fruit

  • Caifeng Jiao
  • Yuquan DuanEmail author
Original Paper


The induction of chilling tolerance and defense response by glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) under gibberellic acid (GA3) treatment in peach fruit was explored at 4 °C up to 28 days. The fruits were treated with exogenous GA3 and bikinin (GSK-3 inhibitor). Results showed that exogenous GA3 alleviated chilling injury, and upregulated endogenous GA3 content in peach fruit. Furthermore, GSK-3 expression was activated by exogenous GA3 treatment. GA3 also upregulated gene expression of superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, catalase, glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferase, and ascorbate peroxidase. Additionally, GA3 enhanced gene and protein expression of small ubiquitin-like modifier and gene expression of methionine sulfoxide reductase, and weakened gene expression of lipoxygenase and phospholipase D. These above impacts stimulated by exogenous GA3 were blocked by the addition of bikinin. Overall, GSK-3 was involved in stimulation of chilling tolerance and defense response under GA3 treatment in postharvest peach fruit.


GA3 GSK-3 Antioxidant system Small ubiquitin-like modifier and methionine sulfoxide reductase Lipoxygenase and phospholipase D Peach fruit 


Supplementary material

11947_2019_2338_MOESM1_ESM.doc (56 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 43 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Food Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Agro-products Quality and Safety Control in Storage and Transport ProcessMinistry of Agriculture and Rural AffairsBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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