Effect of Different Temperature and Time Combinations on Quality Characteristics of Sous-vide Cooked Goat Gluteus Medius and Biceps Femoris

  • Ishamri Ismail
  • Young-Hwa Hwang
  • Seon-Tea JooEmail author
Original Paper


The combination of proper temperature and time duration in sous-vide cooking could provide good water-holding capacity, color parameters, and tender cooked meat. In this study, goat muscles gluteus medius (GM) and biceps femoris (BF) treated with single-stage sous-vide (cooked at 60 °C, 65 °C, 70 °C) and two-stage sous-vide (cooked at 45 and 60 °C, 45 and 65 °C, 45 and 70 °C) methods for 6 h and 12 h were compared. Cooking loss decreased by 5–10% for GM and 10–13% for BF after 6 h of heat treatment with two-stage sous-vide likely due to high sarcoplasmic solubility. Cooking time and temperature combination in two-stage sous-vide contributed to better a* values for both GM and BF, with higher values recorded for 6 h at 45 and 60 °C. Significant reduction of toughness was successfully achieved using stepped cooking temperatures compared with sous-vide cooking at a single temperature. The lowest shear force values were achieved at a combined temperature of 45 and 60 °C with only 6 h of cooking duration (GM 28 N; BF 40 N) likely from desmin degradation. However, the tenderness effect of single-stage sous-vide was seen after collagen solubility was maximized in prolonged cooking at 70 °C, but other quality features such as redness values and water content had recorded the lowest values.


Sous-vide Low temperature–long time Tenderness Goat meat Collagen solubility 


Funding Information

This research was supported by the Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science and Technology Development (PJ 01375601) from the Korean Rural Development Administration.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Applied Life Science (BK21+)Gyeongsang National UniversityJinjuSouth Korea
  2. 2.Faculty of Bioresources and Food IndustryUniversiti Sultan Zainal AbidinBesutMalaysia
  3. 3.Institute of Agriculture & Life ScienceGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuSouth Korea

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